Guzmania Guzmania - Home Care, Reproduction Of Guzmania And Transplantation, Photo Of Guzmania

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Guzmania Guzmania - Home Care, Reproduction Of Guzmania And Transplantation, Photo Of Guzmania
Guzmania Guzmania - Home Care, Reproduction Of Guzmania And Transplantation, Photo Of Guzmania
Video: Guzmania Guzmania - Home Care, Reproduction Of Guzmania And Transplantation, Photo Of Guzmania
Video: Bromeliad Care and Propagation - Guzmania 2023, February
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The bromeliad family. Homeland rainforests of South America. The genus includes about 130 species of epiphytic plants. A fairly common plant, which is appreciated by lovers of bromeliads for their chic inflorescences. Guzmania grows strongly in width, therefore it requires a lot of space, it is best to place it on a separate stand next to the window. Otherwise, look after other bromeliads.

Types of guzmania

Especially popular is Guzmania lingual Guzmania lingulata - its leaves are lanceolate, on average 25-40 cm long and 3-3.5 cm wide. The peduncle reaches 30 cm in height. Yellowish-white flowers emerge from the bright red fused petals in the center of the inflorescence. There are a few, only three registered variations, all different from those described - just clones of one variation or another.

  • Guzmania reed purple Guzmania lingulata var. cardinalis - a variation with a wide rosette of green leaves 3-4 cm wide, with a multi-flowered inflorescence, bracts are scarlet, red, purple;
  • Guzmania reed modest-colored Guzmania lingulata var. concolor - compact variation, rosette of light green leaves, faded orange bracts with brighter tips, inflorescence up to 15 cm in height;
  • Fire guzmania Guzmania lingulata var. flammea - green leaves about 25-30 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, leaves stick up, has fiery red bracts, small-flowered inflorescence;
guzmania
guzmania

Guzmania reed

guzmania
guzmania

Guzmania reed

guzmania
guzmania

Guzmania blood-red

Guzmania blood-red Guzmania sanguinea - unlike the previous species, it has wider leaves, 5-6 cm wide, up to 35 cm long. At the time of flowering, the pericolor leaves are red-brown with longitudinal purple spots. The inflorescence is a brush, but it does not rise on a long peduncle, but remains in the center of the rosette of leaves. Bracts are short and thin, 1.6 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, tubular yellow-orange flowers 5-6 cm long. It is rarely found on sale.

The two species have some differences: in blood-red gusmania, a little water should remain in the outlet, about 2.5 cm. In gusmania, the reed outlet is loose, almost all the water flows into the soil, but some remains in the leaf axils. It is necessary to water only in the lower leaves, but not in the place from which the peduncle grows. Since the reed gusmania very often have loose rosettes, they almost do not hold water, there is a threat of waterlogging of the soil, so the soil for them must be very loose. It is better to periodically loosen it near the walls of the pot, or make holes in the pot only at the bottom, but also on the side.

Gusmania care

Temperature: Guzmania is thermophilic. The usual room temperature in summer is about 22-28 ° C, in winter it is cooler than 18-20 ° C, the minimum winter temperature is 18 ° C.

Lighting: light partial shade, with mandatory protection from direct sunlight from 11 to 15 hours. For spring and summer, the best place for gusmania is the sill of the east window, or in the immediate vicinity of the south or west window. In winter, you need a bright window without shading (until mid-February).

Watering: like all bromeliads, gusmania is watered directly into the rosette of leaves, part of the water flows into the ground, and watered again only when the substrate in the upper part dries out. The water must be soft (preferably boiled) and at room temperature. In spring and summer, water should always be in the leaf outlet, and is renewed at least once a month with fresh water. In winter, gusmania is watered very carefully so that the soil dries out to half the height of the pot.

Top dressing: from May to August, fertilizer dressings are carried out once a month, while the fertilizer is diluted with water for irrigation and poured into an outlet. Fertilizer is used special for bromeliads or for common indoor plants, but taken in a dose four times less than for other plants. The NPK ratio in the fertilizer should be approximately the same, in equal proportions.

Humidity: Gusmanias like regular spraying, which is necessary if the plant is in too warm a room (with central heating in winter). But you can put the pot on a wide tray with damp sphagnum moss.

Transplant: usually carried out after the end of flowering, when the mother plant dies off and the children grow up. Gusmania is planted in a soil mixture consisting of 1 part light leafy earth, 1 part coconut fiber (coconut chips or coconut substrate), 1/2 part pine bark pieces, 1/2 sand or vermiculite, here you can add a handful of chopped dried moss - sphagnum. You can use commercially available bromeliad potting mix. The planting container should not be too deep, it is better to use wide bowls. You can make up a soil mixture based on a store-bought soil, for this, use a universal soil (for example, terra-vita), add pine bark to it, broken into fractions of about 1 cm, coarse sand sifted from dust, all in equal parts. Sand can be replaced with vermiculite.Add a few pieces of birch charcoal. At the bottom of the pot there is a drainage made of expanded clay or pieces of wine cork.

Planting guzmania (personal experience, severin): Several options can be offered as a substrate for bromeliads:

  • a mixture of semi-decomposed leaves, sphagnum, peat, sand, pieces of charcoal or broken shards
  • litter of conifers mixed with peat in a 1: 1 ratio
  • pine bark mixed with peat in a 1: 1 ratio.
  • peat soil, leaf, humus, sand 1: 1: 1: 1/2

Exchange of experience on cultivation of Guzmania

Guzmania after flowering

guzmania reed
guzmania reed

Separate these children when they grow about 8-10 cm in height.

Guzmania blooms only once in a lifetime, but at home it can grow for several years before flowering. Lateral cuttings appear during the entire growing season, and sometimes just before flowering. In this case, until the "mommy" fades, the children do not need to be removed, the children are removed when they grow to half their maternal height. Sometimes daughter rosettes appear one after the other, but flowering does not occur. Perhaps the plant is uncomfortable - not enough humidity, too dark or too dense nutritious soil.

Reproduction: lateral shoots, which are cut off after they have grown their roots. It is also propagated by seeds, which are sown in loose soil (a mixture of vermiculite and leafy earth in half). The seed dish should be placed in a warm place at 24-25 ° C, sprayed daily and ventilated. Gusmania seeds germinate in 12-20 days.

Seedlings must be placed on a light window or supplemented with lamps. You can use fluorescent lamps, placing them above the plant at a distance of 10-20 cm, turn on for 10-12 hours a day. Plant young gusmanias in separate pots about 2 months after germination. Remember to sterilize the soil and add a piece of birch charcoal to it.

Guzmania pests

  • Bromeliad scale - settles on both sides of leaves, looks like brown, sometimes almost black, plaques-tubercles. Affected leaves turn yellow and die off. Take a close look at the plant in the store! Control measures. Pests are removed from both sides of the leaves with a sponge dipped in an insecticide solution (actellik 15-20 drops per 1 liter of water), or the plant is sprayed with the same solution. You can water the ground with a solution of systemic insecticide actara.
  • Mealybug - pests are white, hairy insects, do not fly, concentrated mainly at the base of the leaves, in the root zone. The mealybug damages the leaves, and a sooty fungus settles on its secretions. The plant lags behind in growth, the leaves turn yellow, if you do not take action, the plant may die. Control measures. Use a sponge with laundry soap or alcohol to wipe off all leaves on both sides. Water the ground with a solution of the systemic insecticide of Actara or Confidor.
  • Spider mite - yellow spots of irregular shape appear on the leaves, and puncture points are visible in the leaf lumen. The leaves gradually turn yellow and die off. Control measures. Wipe all the leaves with soapy water, then spray the plant with acaricide (sunmite, nissoran, oberon).

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