Dipladenia Dipladenia - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction

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Dipladenia Dipladenia - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
Dipladenia Dipladenia - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
Video: Dipladenia Dipladenia - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
Video: Дипладения. Размножение черенками. 2023, February
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diplomas
diplomas

Kutrov family. Homeland - mountainous regions of Central and South America. About 40 species are widespread in nature. It is more of a greenhouse than a houseplant.

  • Dipladenia brilliant Dipladenia splendens is an evergreen shrub grown as an ampelous plant. The stems are pubescent at first, glabrous with age. Leaves are opposite, oval, pointed at the end, on short petioles, up to 20 cm long, pubescent along the veins on the lower side. Flowers of 5-6 pieces are collected in racemose inflorescences. The five-petalled calyx of the flower is bright pink, about 7-10 cm in diameter.
  • Dipladenia Sanderi Dipladenia sanderi is an evergreen vine. Leaves are opposite, oval, pointed at the end, on short petioles, about 5-7 cm long, glabrous. 3-5 flowers are collected in racemose axillary inflorescences. The five-petalled calyx of the flower is bright pink, yellow in the fauces, about 8 cm in diameter.
  • Dipladenia loose Dipladenia laxa is a deciduous liana that drops leaves for the winter under natural conditions. Long warty shoots with oblong-ovate leaves, about 10 cm long. The leaves are opposite, glabrous on the upper side, with slight pubescence near the veins on the lower side. Flowers of 5-10 pieces are collected in racemose inflorescences. The corolla of the flower is white or cream about 5 cm in diameter.
  • Dipladenia excellent Dipladenia eximia is an evergreen vine with thin, pubescent stems. Leaves are broadly oval, pointed at the end, on short petioles, up to 4 cm long, almost glabrous. Flowers of 6-7 pieces are collected in racemose inflorescences on a long twisted peduncle with bright red bracts. The corolla of the flower is red, about 8 cm in diameter.
Diplomatic flowers
Diplomatic flowers

Diplomas - home care

Temperature: Diplomacy prefers moderate temperatures in summer, optimally 20-25 ° C, in winter we strongly recommend a cooler content at 12-13 ° C. By the way, loose diplodesia winters at even lower temperatures + 10 ° С. At home, you can provide similar conditions on a glazed and insulated balcony. Around March, the plants are transferred to slightly warmer rooms, where the temperature is around 16 ° C. Cool wintering is necessary for the establishment of flower buds and subsequent flowering in summer.

Lighting: diploidia is photophilous, in summer you need full sunlight, but in the hottest hours (from 12 to 15 hours) of the day, shading will be required. A south-east or east-facing window works best, north-west is also good, but only in spring and summer. In winter, the need for good lighting depends on the temperature, when it is cold (up to 14 ° C), the decrease in light is uncritical, the growth of shoots does not occur. If a diploma overwinters in normal home conditions, you should think about additional lighting.

Watering: abundant in the summer, the earth should not dry out completely to dust, but must have time to dry out in the upper third of the pot before the next watering. From autumn to early spring, subject to cool content, watering is very rare, preventing only prolonged drying. Dipladenia does not like stagnation of water in the roots, especially if the soil is dense.

Top dressing: from April to September, the diploidia is fed every two weeks. A complex fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants. Fertika-suite is perfect. In the summer, once a month, you can feed the depletion with potassium magnesium (1.5-2 g per 1 liter of water) - add with watering.

Air humidity: optimally about 50-55%. Plants need spraying if they are indoors when the heating is on (at temperatures above 22 ° C and in summer on dry hot days. Spray so that water does not get on the flowers. When the plant is in cool conditions, then it is not necessary to spray, if temperatures below 18 ° C and poor ventilation, moisture on the leaves can lead to fungal infections.

Transplant: transplanted annually in the spring in March-April. The soil for diploing should be nutritious: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of small pebbles. Good drainage or large holes in the bottom of the pot. Diplomacy does not tolerate the roots being damp for a long time. If the soil dries out slowly, make sure that the drainage holes are not clogged with expanded clay or earth, and that the soil is sufficiently drained. After abundant watering, you need to pierce the soil in several places with a thin stick, closer to the walls of the pot, or loosen the upper 4-5 cm of soil.

Reproduction: Diplomacy propagates by cuttings cut in spring or early summer. The cuttings are rooted in a room greenhouse with soil heating. Rooters (heteroauxin or root) can be used. The soil in a pot with a shank is kept constantly in a slightly moist state. And so that the cuttings do not rot, the earth must be loose and light (leafy earth or peat and vermiculite in equal parts, you can add pieces of charcoal). It can be rooted in pure vermiculite, but as soon as the roots grow 2-3 cm, plant in the ground. In water, diplodenia takes root a little worse; it is required to replace water with fresh (boiled) water every other day.

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