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Vervain family. Homeland tropical rainforests of South America, India, Mexico. This is a shrub with leaves that have serrated edges and flowers of various shades - lilac, blue, lilac, pink, white. In total, about 36 species of duranta are known in nature in the form of shrubs or small trees. Durant is annually, sometimes several times over the summer, cut and pinched to give the crown a beautiful shape. In room culture, common:
Duranta plumier Duranta plumieri - or popularly - "pigeon berry", in nature grows in a tree up to 2.5 meters tall, has tetrahedral shoots, and the leaves can be either ovoid or oblong, pointed at the ends, up to 10 cm long There are many flowers, they are small in size, lilac or blue. Flowers in several pieces are collected at the ends of the branches, when the flowering is plentiful, the branches are strewn with flowers. Fruits in the form of yellow berries, the size of a cherry. Duranta Plumier has garden varieties that are not suitable for growing in rooms, they can be variegated with white flowers
Duranta Lorentzii Duranta lorentzii - this shrub, reaching a height of 1.5 m with tetrahedral shoots, unlike the previous species, has small leathery leaves, ovoid or oblong in shape, the end of the leaf is not pointed, but has serrations. Can bloom very profusely under favorable conditions
Duranta - home care
Temperature: Duranta is thermophilic, in winter it needs a room with a moderate temperature, not lower than 16 ° C, the upper limit of winter temperatures is 20-22 ° C - the best conditions for a relative dormant period, when vigorous growth and extension of shoots. Duranta loves fresh air, ventilate the room as often as possible, avoiding cold drafts.
Lighting: the plant is light-requiring, no shading is needed. Grows well on a window to the west and east. In summer he prefers keeping outdoors, with gradual accustoming to the hot sun. When the duranta grows into a large tree, it must be transplanted into a large pot (or bucket) and placed on a high bedside table in the immediate vicinity of the window. In autumn and winter, in cloudy weather, illuminate with lamps.
Watering: plentiful from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. The soil should be slightly damp all the time during the warm season, but dry out in the upper third of the pot. After heavy watering, periodically loosen the soil to avoid acidification.
Top dressing: every year, 1.5-2 months after transplanting, in spring and summer, top dressing is carried out with complex fertilizer for indoor plants. When transplanting, you need to add a handful of well-rotted compost.
Air humidity: loves humid air, therefore, durant is regularly sprayed, in winter it is protected from the hot air of central heating batteries. When kept in a room with too dry air, the leaves fly around the durant, especially in the lower part of the branches, sometimes it becomes very bare during the winter and loses its attractiveness, it is necessary to compensate for the hot air in winter not only by spraying, but also by very good supplementary lighting.
Transplant: every spring young plants, and large specimens are transplanted every 2 years. The containers are quite spacious with high drainage at the bottom (large expanded clay or pieces of foam). Soil mixture: 1 part sod land, 1 part leaf, 1 part humus, 1 part coarse river sand and 1/2 part vermiculite. The acidity of the soil is in the range of 5.8-6.5. If the tree has too large roots, you can carefully trim them at the bottom.
Reproduction: semi-lignified cuttings and seeds. Cuttings are rooted in small pots in pure vermiculite, with soil heating, preferably with the use of phytohormones, in a room greenhouse. Seeds are sown in January-March, soil heating is required.