Drimiopsis Drimiopsis - Home Care, Growing Problems

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Drimiopsis Drimiopsis - Home Care, Growing Problems
Drimiopsis Drimiopsis - Home Care, Growing Problems
Video: Drimiopsis Drimiopsis - Home Care, Growing Problems
Video: Drimiopsis maculata 2023, February
Anonim

Family of asparagus. Homeland - tropical Africa (countries south of the Sahara). 14 species are officially registered.

drimiopsis
drimiopsis

Drimiopsis spotted

drimiopsis
drimiopsis

Drimiopsis bortiform

Drimiopsis maculata is a small deciduous shrub native to Tanzania. With oblong bulbs, cordate-oval leaves, tapered at the end, olive green in color and dark bright spots and dots on them. Leaves up to 15 cm long with a slightly wavy edge, on long petioles, about 20 cm long. Inflorescences racemose with small flowers of white, gray or cream color with a slight sweetish aroma. Dormant period in winter. A characteristic feature of the plant is a change in the color of the leaves, dark spots usually appear in early spring and summer, and from autumn to dormancy, they gradually disappear completely

A plant without specks on its leaves is often confused with eucharis. However, in eucharis, the leaves are somewhat larger, somewhat darker in color, and never form spots. The eucharis bulbs sit deep in the ground, while the drymiopsis bulbs eventually appear above the ground.

  • Drimiopsis bortiform Drimiopsis botryoides is a deciduous bulbous plant native to East Africa (Kenya, Zanzibar). With dense leathery oval leaves, narrowed at the end, on short petioles, bright green with dark rounded spots and specks. The peduncle is long with a spike-shaped inflorescence of small flowers of white or cream color up to 4 mm in diameter. Dormant period in winter. If Drimiopsis spotted is often confused with eucharis, then Drimiopsis bortiate is somewhat similar to precious orchids. The bush is formed with the formation of a rosette - leaves with practically no petiole tightly wrap at the base around one another, and only as they grow, the leaves stretch out and petioles appear.
  • The well-known Drimiopsis Kirk Drimiopsis kirkii (or Ledeburia bortiate Ledebouria botryoides) is just a synonym for the subspecies Drimiopsis botryoides subsp. botryoides - see photo on the right.

Drimiopsis - home care

Drimiopsis is considered a plant that is easy to care for. They write that it grows in the sun and in the shade. In fact, we always do not have enough light and sun, and a plant originally from Zanzibar has its place on the southern windowsill. Buying Drimiopsis for the north window or placing it on the table in the middle of the room, you will never get a beautiful plant:

  • firstly, the variegation of the leaves will not appear, namely the leaves decorated with spots ennoble the plant, make it unusual, similar to precious orchids
  • secondly, the petioles of plants for which there is not enough light will be too long, from which the bush lays down or "falls apart" to the sides - no beauty!

Temperature: in summer, normal room temperature, in winter, a cool content is desirable at a temperature in the range of 13-14 ° C. During the dormant period, with a decrease in temperature, watering is reduced. Drimiopsis can grow all year round in normal home conditions, but in winter, during the heating season, additional lighting and humidification will be needed.

Lighting: bright light, shading only from early spring to mid-summer in the afternoon (from 12 to 15 hours). With a lack of illumination, the leaves of Drimiopsis lose their spotting, acquire a light green color, and the petioles stretch out.

Watering: abundant during flowering and growing season, with drying of the top layer of the earth. Overdrying to the state of dust and weightlessness of the pot is not allowed! Very limited watering during the dormant period in the cool - the soil should dry out in the upper half of the pot, but not dry out completely. To avoid overflow and root decay, make the correct soil, with a lot of drainage particles, do not use garden clay (loamy) soil.

Top dressing: in spring and summer, fertilizing is carried out every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers for bulbous plants or fertilizers for cacti, in which a low dose of nitrogen. From a large dose of nitrogenous fertilizers, the bushes grow lush, but the spots on the leaves disappear, and in conditions of high humidity, root rot is possible, therefore, poorly rotted organic matter cannot be used when planting. Start feeding no earlier than 1.5-2 months after transplantation.

Air humidity: from time to time, the leaves of Drimiopsis are washed with a sponge from dust and periodically sprayed with boiled water. During the heating season, place the pot on a wide tray of water (on the wire rack).

Transplant: annually or as needed. The containers for planting are shallow, but wide, with good holes at the bottom and drainage from shards, large expanded clay, and foam. The approximate composition of the soil: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus and 2 parts of small river pebbles (2-5 mm size of pebbles). It is good to add 2-3 pieces of charcoal to the pot and feather tablespoons of vermiculite.

Reproduction: By dividing the daughter bulbs in the spring during transplantation and by leaf. The leaf is cut into pieces - strips 5 cm wide, then stuck with one end into the substrate (sand and leafy earth or universal soil in equal parts). The soil should not be dry or wet, but slightly damp. Therefore, it is not watered, but sprayed. You can not drop parts of the sheet, but put them on the surface and press with a paper clip. Rooting takes place at a temperature of 22-25 ° C, with good lighting for 1-2 weeks. Then the plants can be planted in small pots.

Growing problems

Drimiopsis comes from hot and humid places, although it tolerates dry air quite well, but watering must be monitored. Excessive dampness in the pot leads to rotting of the bulbs. Therefore, vermiculite or expanded clay chips, as well as birch coal, are added to the soil for planting. From the time when the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, watering is reduced, effectively leaving the plant without watering.

For pests, Drimiopsis is not the most delicious plant, but sometimes it is attacked by a scale insect or a tick. From the scabbard, the right remedy is aktara or confodor, and it is necessary to simultaneously water the soil with an insecticide solution and spray the leaves. To get rid of the mite, you need to wash the leaves on both sides with a sponge and foam made from green soap. You can additionally or instead of soap give the plant a hot shower with a temperature of about 50-52 degrees, avoiding waterlogging of the earth, water the leaves on both sides for about 2 minutes. After 3-5 days, repeat the soap and shower.

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