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Olive family. Homeland Asia, Arabian Peninsula, Transcaucasia, North of China. Several types of jasmine are common in culture. These are deciduous or evergreen lianas with rather fragrant flowers, in general, unpretentious to grow, if you observe the cool wintering regime.
Jasmine officinalis Jasminum officinale
Medicinal jasmine Jasminum officinale
- Jasmine officinalis Jasminum officinale is a liana with woody stems, feathery leaves and white flowers, collected in 5-6 pieces in a racemose inflorescence. The flowers are small - about 2.5 cm in diameter, but very fragrant. Flowering lasts all summer. It begins to bloom in adulthood. Loves some direct light and coolness.
- Jasmine multiflorous Jasminum polyanthum - liana with woody stems, feathery leaves similar to the previous species. The buds are pink, and the blossoming flowers are white or yellow (odorless), collected in 15-20 pieces in a racemose inflorescence. It blooms in spring and begins blooming at a young age.
Jasmine Sambac Jasminum sambac
Jasmine multiflorous Jasminum polyanthum
- Jasmine Sambac Jasminum sambac is a liana or climbing shrub with woody pubescent stems. Leaves are opposite, glabrous or slightly pubescent, oval or ovoid, up to 10 cm long. Inflorescence brush - 3-5 large fragrant flowers, white.
- Jasmine primrose Jasminum primulinum - its creeping stems are tied to a support. The leaves are dark green, strongly elongated and pointed at the end, arranged in threes. The flowers are yellow, odorless, blooms in spring or summer.
Temperature: normal in summer, room temperature, jasmine does not like heat above 30 ° C. In winter, most types of jasmine prefer coolness, they are kept at temperatures around 8-10 ° C, minimum 6 ° C. Only Sambac jasmine in winter is kept at a temperature of 17-18 ° C, at least 16 ° C, preferably not higher than 22 ° C, at a higher temperature, high humidity must be maintained.
Lighting: jasmine is photophilous, for successful development and flowering it needs good lighting, with protection from direct sunlight in summer during the hot hours of the day. Jasmine grows well on eastern windows without shading.
Watering: in spring - summer, abundant, the soil should be slightly damp all the time. In winter, watering is more moderate. Jasmine does not tolerate overdrying an earthen coma, but stagnation of water in the roots should be avoided (roots easily rot from overmoistening). Water for watering jasmine should be lukewarm at any time of the year and always soft. Better to use filtered water or boiled rainwater.
Top dressing: During the period of active growth from April to August, once a week, with liquid fertilizer for flowering indoor plants (for example, "fertika" or "agriculture" for flowering plants).
Air humidity: in summer, jasmine is regularly sprayed with soft boiled water.
Transplant: jasmine is transplanted in the spring, in March. Young plants are transplanted annually, old ones after 2-3 years. Soil - 1 part clay-sod, 1 part leaf and 1 part sand - for young plants. For old plants, clay-sod land is taken in 2 parts. Soil pH - slightly acidic, does not like jasmine in alkaline saline soils. Therefore, if you buy land in a store, choose one that is intended for planting azaleas and rhododendrons, as well as conifers.
Jasmine is propagated by cuttings in early spring and summer, as well as by layering. It is better to take one-year-old lateral shoots for cuttings, since the plants obtained from them will begin to bloom earlier. Cuttings with a woody stem are rooted at the end of summer. It is advisable to carry out rooting with soil heating.
Jasmine cuttings can be rooted in moist soil (a mixture of leafy and coniferous soil) or in water by closing the cuttings together with a jar with a plastic bag. Rooting takes a long time - more than a month, so phytohormones can be used for faster rooting.