Table of contents:
Amaryllis family. Homeland - South and Central America. There are about 40 species in nature.
Zephyrantes grandiflora Zephyrantes grandiflora is a perennial bulbous plant. The bulb is about 5 cm in diameter, rounded, completely sunk into the substrate. The leaves are narrowly belt-shaped, dark green in color, up to 40 cm long and about 1 cm wide. The flowers are solitary on a peduncle up to 30 cm long. The perianth is funnel-shaped, about 8 cm in diameter, pink with bright orange stamens. Bloom from April to July
- Zephyrantes white Zephyrantes candida is a perennial bulbous plant. The bulb is small - only about 3-4 cm in diameter, rounded, completely sunk into the substrate. The leaves are narrowly belt-shaped, dark green in color, up to 30 cm long and about 0.5 cm wide. Flowers are solitary on the peduncle up to 20 cm long. The perianth is funnel-shaped, about 6 cm in diameter, white on the inside and pinkish outside. Bloom from July to October.
- Zephyranthes versicolor - has oblong bulbs, with dark upper scales, 3 cm in diameter. Leaves are linear, about 30 cm, appear after flowering. Flowers 5-7 cm long, erect, white, with a reddish-green tint on the outside. In the classification since 1821, originally from Brazil. Synonyms: Amaryllis versicolor ((Herb.) Spreng.), Habranthus versicolor (Herb.), Hippeastrum versicolor ((Herb.) Baker), Zephyranthes pluricolor (Herter), Zephyranthes versicolor ((Herb.) G. Nicholson).
Caring for Zephyrants
Temperature: During the growing season within 23-26 ° С during the day, 15-17 ° С at night. During the rest period, they are kept at 12-14 ° C, at least 10 ° C, dry.
Lighting: Bright sunny place. In summer, zephyranthes are planted in the garden - he is absolutely not afraid of the bright sun, if taught, gradually removing the shading (mesh, veil).
Watering: Moderate during the growing season. The soil should dry well in the top half of the pot. During the dormant period, zephyranthes can lose leaves - then the bulbs are kept dry, if the leaves remain, then the plant is occasionally watered.
Fertilization: Once every two weeks with a liquid mineral fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, diluted at the concentration recommended by the manufacturer from the moment new leaves appear until the end of flowering.
Air humidity: If the weather is hot, dry in summer, the plant can be sprayed periodically, but usually the marshmallow does not need to be sprayed.
Transfer: Approximately every 3-4 years, during the dormant period. Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part leafy land, 1 part humus, 1 part fine gravel (fraction 2-3 mm). Choose a pot not too spacious, take into account the height of 2 cm for drainage. It is important that the drain holes are not clogged with expanded clay or earth.
Reproduction: Daughter bulbs, which are planted in several pieces in wide bowls. The planted bulbs are watered very little at first and must be shaded in the afternoon. With good care, they will bloom the next year.