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Schisandra family. Homeland - Japan, China, India, Sri Lanka. In nature, there are about 20 species. Kazura japonica is widespread as a houseplant.
Kadsura japonica Kadsura japonica is a perennial vine with well-branched stems up to 3 m long. The leaves are alternate, glossy, elliptical, pointed at the end, with a jagged edge, and reddish petioles, up to 10 cm long. The flowers are small, about 2 cm in diameter, solitary, axillary, yellow or white with a slight aroma. Fruits are red berries about 5 mm in diameter.
Kazura - home care
Temperature: normal in summer, in winter it feels great in a cool 10-12 ° C, but not higher than 15 ° C. Although in natural conditions it can withstand lower temperatures up to 5-7 ° C. With a cold snap, the leaves of kadzura turn reddish, then crimson-purple. If you leave kazura for the winter in an ordinary warm room, it begins to dry the leaves, the fluffy twigs become bare, by the spring only frail tops remain. Therefore, if you have an insulated balcony or a corner on the staircase, its place is there for the period from October to February.
Lighting: in nature, kazura grows in forests and undergrowth, so it prefers slightly shady places. At home, she needs a bright diffused light, with shading in the spring and summer at noon from the scorching sun. But if you have east or northwest windows, this is the best placement option.
Watering: in summer, plants are watered abundantly, in winter very moderately, most often the plants suffer precisely because of the overmoistening of the earthen coma. Therefore, with a decrease in temperature in winter, watering is sharply reduced, up to 1 time in 15-20 days.
Air humidity: kazura responds well to the moisturizing of leaves with warm water in spring and summer. Spray only with soft water.
Top dressing: from May to September, every two to three weeks with a complex fertilizer for deciduous indoor plants, for example, Flower Happiness, Agricola, Pocon, etc.
Transplant: Kazura is transplanted annually in the spring. She loves the soil light and porous - it grows in nature on light sandy or loamy, well-drained soils. The following soil is suitable: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus, 2 parts of coarse river sand or small pebbles (3-5 mm). At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to pour drainage from expanded clay or shards.
Reproduction: semi-lignified cuttings or seeds. Cuttings 10-15 cm long are cut at the beginning of summer; a couple of lower leaves must be removed on a branch. Rooted at 22-25 ° C, using root. It is easier to root them in pure vermiculite or a mixture of vermiculite and universal soil in equal parts. The soil must be sterilized and filled into a pot. Moisten with boiled water and stick in the handle. Cover the top with a plastic bottle cap (remove the cap).