Laurel

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Laurel
Laurel
Video: Laurel
Video: LAUREL - Scream Drive Faster 2023, February
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Laurel
Laurel

Laurel family. Homeland of the Mediterranean coast. The genus of laurel is evergreen trees and shrubs with dense and odorous leaves. In the natural environment, the trunks of laurel trees can reach 10-15 meters, they branch well, the crown is rather vertical, not spreading.

At home, Laurus nobilis is grown - the leaves of which are used in cooking as a seasoning. Leaves are about 6-12 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, slightly wavy. Plants are dioecious with male and female flowers on different plants. Each flower is pale yellow-green in color, about 1 cm in diameter, located in the axils of the leaves.

For laurel, as an ornamental plant, it is important to keep fit. For this purpose, they are pruned annually, best of all in early spring with new growth and at the end of summer, at the end of growth. Basically, laurel forms a pyramidal shape or in the form of a standard tree with a round crown. The height is supported up to 60-70 cm.

Laurel - care and cultivation

Bay trees can often be found on sale in garden stores. They are intended for growing at home. However, in a warm apartment, in a kitchen with an oven constantly on, laurel will not last long - a maximum of a few pots of soup. The fact is that laurel loves fresh air. Does not tolerate cigarette smoke and stuffiness. But if you have a warm balcony and enough light, laurel grows well at home. The main methods of care - the formation of a crown by pruning and periodic loosening of the soil - does not tolerate caked sour soil.

Temperature: Moderate, in winter about 12-15 ° C, it is possible in a cold room, but not lower than + 8 ° C.

Lighting: The laurel needs a bright light, it quite tolerates a certain amount of direct sunlight. Will grow well on an east or west window.

Watering: Moderate from spring to autumn - with the obligatory drying of the upper layers of the soil. In winter, watering is very moderate, with good drying of the earth. Laurel is watered so often that the soil has time to dry out almost completely in 2-3 days, no longer. This largely depends on the quality of the soil - it must be loose enough.

Top dressing: From April to August, every 2-3 weeks with fertilizer for decorative flowering plants, for example, Rainbow or Fertika-lux, etc.

Air humidity: Spray regularly. Plants exposed for the summer in the open air are very fond of evening watering from a shower or hose, washing the entire crown.

Transfer: Annually in the spring. Old plants are transplanted every 2-3 years or even less often, but the topsoil is changed annually. Soil mixture: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of fine gravel (2-3 mm). At the bottom of the pot there are more holes for a quick outflow of excess moisture and drainage from any material, so as not to clog the holes. Adult large laurel trees require that you can plant in a bucket or a small tub, but the container should not be too spacious.

Reproduction: Seeds, layering, root suckers and cuttings. Laurel is cut reluctantly, for several months. In this case, it is better to cut the cuttings in January-February, dip them in heteroauxin and plant them in a mixture of peat and vermiculite under a jar or bag, periodically airing them. The same goes for growing from seed - seedlings grow quickly, but seeds germinate painfully slowly.

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