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The family of hyacinths. Homeland South Africa. There are more than 100 species.
The most common species in culture is Lachenalia aloeid Lachenalia aloides. It is a potted plant with a rosette of long lanceolate or belt-like leaves about 20 cm long, dark green in color with small brown spots. Bright multi-flowered inflorescences on peduncles about 30 cm long, collected in a brush. The flowers are drooping, yellow-green in color, with reddish dots, up to 3 cm long. It blooms in winter. There are varieties with bright red flowers, with almost green, olive.
Lashenalia - care and cultivation
Lashenalia is not a plant for beginners, too special care conditions, with an obligatory cold dormant period. Always careful watering to prevent waterlogging. In addition, lashenalia is sensitive to stale stagnant air in the room, cigarette smoke, it needs regular ventilation.
Temperature: normal room temperature in spring and summer. Although Lashenalia does not like hot dry weather, when there is no rain for a long time, and the temperature is above 28 ° C, at such a time more fresh air is needed (for shading on the balcony or opening windows). In winter, it is desirable to keep it cool, within 12 ° C, but not below 6 ° C.
Lighting: lanshenalia is light-requiring, prefers bright diffused light with some direct sunlight in the morning or evening. Will grow well on the east and northwest windowsill. On the south window, shaded.
Watering: moderate in winter, during flowering, after good drying of the top of the soil. During the rest period at low temperatures, do not water at all. Lashenalia does not tolerate both the overdrying of an earthen coma and excess water.
Fertilizer: during the budding and flowering period, they are fed weekly with a complex fertilizer for ornamental flowering plants, in a dose two or three times less than the recommended by the manufacturer (NPK ratio - in equal shares). It is very sensitive to excess salts.
Air humidity: periodically the plant is sprayed, and the long leaves are wiped with a damp sponge.
Transfer: Annually in the fall. Soil - A mixture of turf, leaf and peat soil mixed with sand. Good drainage is a must. Lashenalia does not like pots that are too spacious. 7-8 bulbs are planted in one pot with a diameter of about 15 cm to make the bush more lush. The bulbs are completely buried in the ground. To prevent the bulbs from rotting, you need to use the top drain. Those. the bulbs are buried in the ground at half the height, and drainage from washed expanded clay or gravel is poured on top.
Reproduction: with daughter bulbs when transplanting, in the fall, embedding bulbs to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. New plants bloom in the second year. Also propagated by seeds, plants bloom, usually in the third year. Seeds are sown in wide bowls, in coarse sand, sprinkling 2-3mm on top.