Table of contents:
Kufeya fiery red
Derbennikov family. Homeland - Mexico, Guatemala, island. Jamaica. There are about 250 species in nature.
Kufea fiery red Cuphea ignea is a shrub about 40 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, on short petioles, ovate-lanceolate, about 6 cm long and 2 cm wide, dark green in color. The flowers are axillary, up to 3 cm in diameter, single, red with a purple limb. There are several varieties based on this species.
Kufea hyssopolis Cuphea hyssopifolia is a shrub or semi-shrub about 50 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, on short petioles, lanceolate, about 2.5 cm long and 0.5 cm wide, dark green. The flowers are axillary, small, up to 1 cm in diameter, solitary, lilac, pink or white. The plant is very bushy, and has a compact size, therefore it can be grown as a bonsai.
Kufeya - care and cultivation
Temperature: Kufeya is thermophilic, in summer it prefers a temperature of about 22-28 ° C - this is the usual temperature for mid-latitudes, but in winter it needs a certain coolness, at least for the darkest months (from October to January) at 16-18 ° C, at least 5 ° C, the lower the temperature, the less watering and the drier the land.
Lighting: Kufeya is photophilous, but does not like bright, but diffused light, with shade from direct sunlight during the hottest hours of summer, from about 11 to 15 hours, it is desirable that the plant receives about 4 hours of morning or evening sun.
Watering: in the summer, kufeya is watered abundantly, but after the top layer of the earth dries out. In the fall, watering is reduced, watered two days later, after the earth dries out. In winter, water is rarely watered, preventing only the complete drying of the earthen coma.
Top dressing: 1.5 months after transplanting, from April to August with full mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. Top dressing is carried out every 2 weeks.
Air humidity: Kufeya tolerates low air humidity quite stoically, but in winter it must be protected from the directed hot air of the batteries. If the humidity is below 30% spray
Transfer: Annually in the spring. Soil mixture: 1 part leaf, 1 part turf, 1 part humus, 1/2 part river sand (gravel chips) and a little chopped pine bark. At the bottom of the pots, pour drainage from medium-sized expanded clay. Pruning should be done in spring and summer.
Reproduction: In spring or late summer, semi-lignified cuttings, as well as seeds.
Seeds sown in loose soil and lightly sprinkled with earth on top should germinate in the dark. To do this, cover the seed pot with a piece of cardboard or opaque polyethylene. When the seeds germinate, the shading is removed and the plant is transferred to a bright spot. Seed germination requires a temperature between 21-22 ° C.