Melaleuca Melaleuca (tea Tree) - Home Care

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Melaleuca Melaleuca (tea Tree) - Home Care
Melaleuca Melaleuca (tea Tree) - Home Care
Video: Melaleuca Melaleuca (tea Tree) - Home Care
Video: Чайное дерево - масло истинного сердца 2023, February

Myrtle family. Homeland - Australia, New Zealand, Philippines, Indonesia, tropical America. More than 200 species of trees and shrubs are widespread in nature.

Melaleuca alternifolia Melaleuca alternifolia or Australian tea tree is a branchy evergreen tree that grows in nature to 7 m in height. It has a thin gray bark, the leaves are alternately arranged, tightly fitting to each other, very narrow, lanceolate, about 12 cm long and 0.5 cm wide. From a distance, the plant resembles a coniferous one. The flowers are white, fragrant, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences. The petals of the flower are small, white, rounded. Stamens are white, very long and numerous, with yellow anthers


The formation of the crown in melaleuca is carried out by cutting and pinching the shoots in the spring. The plant tolerates pruning well and responds with more abundant branching. This quality is used when forming bonsai from malaleuca. The branches are flexible and plastic, the direction can be formed by wire.

Melaleuca - care

Temperature: moderate in summer, preferably no higher than 28 ° C. In nature, melaleuca withstands light frosts in winter, down to -7 ° C. But when grown in rooms, the optimum temperature is in winter, during the dormant period + 8-10 ° C.

Lighting: full solar lighting, in summer, shading on the south and west windows in the hottest time from 12 to 15 hours.

Watering: abundant from spring to autumn, the next day after the top layer of the earth has dried. In winter, watered so that the soil has time to dry out well, but does not dry out completely. Depending on the temperature, this can be once a month (if 8-10 ° C), or once every two weeks (if the temperature is around 15 ° C). Like all myrtles, Melaleuca does not tolerate the drying out of an earthen coma, but so that the roots do not rot from dampness, a very well-drained soil is needed.

Top dressing: from March to August with complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous indoor plants. Top dressing every two weeks at a full dose.

Air humidity: in nature, the tea tree grows in swamps, along the coast, near streams, so it requires regular spraying. The main problem of growing in apartments is precisely the dryness of the air. Greenhouse conditions will be optimal for melaleuka. Avoid placing pots near a heating system.

Transplant: annually in spring, or the top layer of the earth is replaced. Melaleuca grows well on slightly acidic soils and does not tolerate alkalization of the soil. Soil 2-3 parts of sod, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of sand, 1 part of vermiculite. At the bottom of the pot, you need to pour a drainage from expanded clay 2 cm high.

Reproduction: cuttings and seeds. Seeds are sown in bowls in March, they moisten the earth well, and cover with glass. The soil in the bowl should be moist all the time, but not too damp. Crops are regularly ventilated (twice a day for 30 minutes). The cuttings are rooted in wet vermiculite in a room greenhouse.

Interesting facts about the plant

  • The Australian tea tree oil Melaleuca alternifolia is used to treat minor cuts, burns, acne, fungal infections of the nails, yeast vaginal infections (thrush), as well as for cosmetic purposes - added to an aroma lamp, bath when bathing, for inhalation and rinsing.
  • Pure tea tree oil can cause irritation or allergic reactions. Therefore, it is used diluted (together with olive or sunflower oil).
  • Tea tree oil should not be taken orally without a doctor's prescription! And also not used to treat mucous membranes, nose, ears.
  • Cajeput oil is obtained from the White Tea Tree or Melaleuca cajeputi. Cajeput oil also has a bactericidal, disinfectant and wound healing effect.

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