Table of contents:
Family of Compositae. Homeland - Central and South America. There are about 450 species in nature.
Some species are very decorative and are starting to gain popularity as indoor plants.
Mikania trifoliate Mikania ternata is a perennial herb, first with erect, then lodging stems. It is grown as an ampelous plant in hanging baskets or twisted around a support. Leaves are palmate-compound, of 5 segments, each of which is rhombic in shape. The upper leaflet is larger, about 5 cm long, the middle ones are about 2.5-3 cm long, the lower ones are only 1.5-2 cm long. The leaves are notched along the edges on thin brown petioles, dark green in color, reddish along the veins, slightly pubescent. The underside of the leaves is purple. This plant has received the popular name "plush vine", the shoots grow 50-60 cm long, with sufficient light they have a beautiful purple shade of hairs.
Mikania - care and cultivation
In its natural habitat, Mikania grows easily and freely and is considered a serious weed in tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, including China and Malaysia. At home, Mikania is also grown, grows easily and quickly, if it is provided with a bright place.
Temperature: Mikania loves moderate temperatures - in summer about 24 ° C during the day and 18 ° C at night, in the heat it needs to be rearranged to a place where it is cooler. It is advisable to take the pot out to the balcony for the summer. In winter, within the range of 16-18 ° С, but not lower than 12 ° С. Too high a temperature in winter leads to the fact that the plant degenerates - the stems become bare, the leaves become smaller, the bushes wither and gradually die.
Lighting: Bright, diffused light with some direct sun in the morning or evening. East or northwest window is preferred. In winter, you can keep it on the southern windowsill. In nature, it grows in open sunny areas, but it also tolerates light partial shade well.
Watering: Quite plentiful in summer, the soil should have time to dry out for the next watering in the upper third of the pot, it does not tolerate overflowing, roots rot. In winter, especially with a cool content, watering is moderate, the soil should have time to dry well: about two-thirds of the top of the pot, but not completely dry out.
Air humidity: Mikania requires very humid air, optimally about 40-50%, but does not tolerate spraying, like most plants with pubescent leaves. Spraying is permissible only in summer in very hot weather from the smallest spray bottle with warm water. The rest of the time, it is better to keep mowing on wide pallets with wet expanded clay or gravel. In winter, Mikania does not tolerate central heating very well.
Transplant: Can be transplanted annually into a mixture of 1 part turf, 2 parts leaf, 1 part sand or pine bark. Loves slightly acidic soil. Mikania soil from the store is also suitable, you can use universal or Saintpaulia soil if its acidity is within 6.5.
Reproduction: Apical cuttings root well in spring, in March and April, just put the cuttings in water and baby the roots. Can be propagated by air layering. Place a small pot of soil next to it, place an uncut mikania branch on the surface and sprinkle with soil. To keep, you can fix the shoot with a paper clip, bent in the shape of a U. The soil in the pot with the layering should be constantly moist, and when the roots appear, watering is more moderate.