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Melastoma family. Homeland Africa, about. Madagascar, Islands of the Malay Archipelago.
This plant, which is demanding in terms of growing conditions, is not widespread among flower growers, but is loved by connoisseurs of exotic plants. In nature, there are about 400 species of the genus Medinilla, represented by shrubs and vines, only one species is widespread in culture. This is Medinilla the majestic Medinilla magnifica - a large shrub up to 2 m tall. Woody shoots have a tetrahedral shape, leaves are large, opposite, up to 30 cm long, oval in shape. The leaf surface is smooth, dark green above, with lighter veins, slightly wavy along the edge. The underside of the leaf is lighter. Pink flowers are collected in a multi-flowered racemose inflorescence. The inflorescences drooping, can reach half a meter in length, have large pink bracts.
Medinilla grows well at home, if you provide it with enough space in a bright place, regularly ventilate the room, and supplement it in winter. In addition, try to wipe the leaves from dust once a week, and after abundant watering, loosen the top layer of the earth.
Temperature: In summer, the optimum temperature is 23-28 ° C during the day, 20-22 ° C at night. In winter, the content is cooler, optimally not higher than + 18 ° C, but not lower than 15 ° C. The flower does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature changes.
Lighting: In summer, shade from direct sunlight is required if the pot is on the windowsill of a south or west window from noon to 17 hours. Good lighting is also needed in winter: in central Russia, medinilla in winter can be safely kept on the southern windowsill without shading. Medinilla is a fairly shade-tolerant plant, but if the pots are inside the room, the plant will be dark without additional lighting. When the flower no longer fits on the windowsill due to its size, it is worth rearranging it on a table or bedside table under additional lighting.
Watering: Abundant during flowering and growing season, while the soil should have time to dry out in the upper third of the pot. By autumn, watering is reduced, especially if the weather is damp and cold. Water only after the soil is thoroughly dry. For irrigation, use only soft, well-settled water at room temperature or warm. During the dormant period, at a temperature of 16-18 ° C, watered after the earthen lump dries completely, even a slight drooping of the leaves is allowed.
Fertilization: From March to July, every two weeks, they are fed with a special fertilizer for flowering indoor plants.
Air humidity: Medinilla loves very humid air, regular spraying is required. The optimum air humidity is 75-80%. Try to avoid getting water when spraying on flowers. Usually, with central heating in winter and hot summer days, it is very difficult to maintain high humidity with frequent spraying, the best way to grow plants like medinilla is to turn on a humidifier.
Transfer: In the spring - in March, and if necessary (medinilla grows quickly) also in the summer, you can transfer the bush into a larger pot. Soil - a commercial mixture for epiphytes or a mixture of 3 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand, and you can also add chopped sphagnum moss and pine bark. Good drainage is a must. The main requirement for the soil is looseness. The soil should be of such a structure that after abundant watering at a temperature of 24-26 ° C, it dries out completely for no longer than two days. If the soil dries longer - 4-5 days, or even more, there is a high probability of soil acidification, impaired root respiration and root decay. Remember that frequent watering does not compensate for insufficient air humidity!
Reproduction: In spring, when transplanting, cuttings are cut, which are rooted using phytohormones and with soil heating to 30 ° C.