Table of contents:
Iris family. Homeland - Tropical South America (Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay). In nature, there are about 20 species.
- Neomarica gracilis Neomarica slender is a herbaceous, rather large plant. The leaves grow in a fan, xiphoid, glossy, green, 40 to 60 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, flowers 6-10 cm in diameter. Up to 10 flowers can form on each peduncle, one after the other. The flower begins to open in the morning, fully unfolds in the afternoon, fades in the evening. All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested.
- Neomarica northiana Neomarica northiana - leaves 60-90 cm long, 5 cm wide, flowers are very fragrant, about 10 cm in diameter, blue-violet with white, or lavender. It grows in acidic, slightly acidic and neutral soils (pH 5.6 to 7.5).
Neomarika - care and cultivation
In summer, an ordinary room, preferably regular ventilation, access to fresh air. In winter, neomarica requires a temperature drop to 8-10 ° C, with extremely rare watering, this contributes to better flowering. If you have the opportunity to withstand a period of rest in winter in the coolness, then the rest of the care is not difficult. But during the winter, it is important to wrap the pots in warmth, for example, wrap them in a woolen scarf or put them in a box and fill them with sand.
Bright diffused light, with some direct sun in the morning or evening. In winter, it will grow well on the south and west windows. And in summer, shading is required from about 12 to 15 hours, that is, in the hottest time.
Watering and humidity
Abundant in summer, provided that the soil has time to dry out at the top of the pot. With a decrease in temperature in autumn-winter, watering is reduced, the soil should have time to dry well before the next watering almost to the entire depth of the pot. The air humidity is optimal in the range of 50-60%. Neomarica needs spraying on hot days in summer and in the dry heating season, periodically wear the plant in the shower to wash off the dust with warm water. After showering, wait for all the water to drain from the drain holes.
You can feed neomarika during May-June, once every 2 weeks in a half dose of fertilizers. In nature, neomarica grows in a tropical forest, often on a layer of fallen and overheated leaves and branches, on a substrate poor in basic NPK nutrients. Therefore, if this plant is fertilized with organic matter or fertilizers for ornamental deciduous plants, with a high concentration of nitrogen, then it will hurt and will not bloom. Fertilizers for orchids are well suited to neomarica, and fertilizers balanced for NPK in equal amounts, for example 15-15-15.
Young plants are transplanted annually, large bushes in 2-3 years. Soil: 1 part of sod, 2 parts of leaf or peat land, 1 part of chopped pine bark. Most neomariki species grow well on weakly acidic soils with a pH of 5-6, however, the neomariki slender species is an exception, it grows mainly on neutral soils with a pH of 6.6 to 7.5. Therefore, the advice to plant it in soil for conifers or azaleas is not entirely correct, if you buy soil, then take a universal soil. Neomarica has a creeping root system (rhizomes) and also forms a wide fan of leaves, so the pot for it must be stable with a wide bottom, but not too deep. Be sure to pour drainage on the bottom of the pot.
Neomarica is propagated by leaf rosettes formed on the peduncle after flowering, by dividing the bush, by seeds. Seeds very quickly lose their germination, and you need to plant only fresh seeds in a mixture of universal peat soil and sand in equal parts. Germination at a temperature of about 25 ° C.