Table of contents:
Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa. There are 25 species in nature.
Nerine bowdenii, a perennial bulbous plant, is grown as a house or greenhouse plant. The bulb is elongated, bottle-shaped, about 5 cm long, the outer scales are shiny, light brown. Leaves are belt-like, about 30 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide, leaf sheaths are closed, form a short false stem. The inflorescence is umbellate, on a leafless peduncle 45 cm long, at the base of the inflorescence there is an inflorescence leaf, which eventually becomes reddish. Flowers from 6 to 12, with pink perianths. The flowering of Bowden's nerine occurs in autumn - in October - November, with the end of the growing season, when the leaves are practically dry.
Nerine - care and cultivation
Content and Temperature: Nerine Bowden actually has two rest periods. After flowering from the end of December-January, it does not grow and it can be safely stored in the basement or on a heated but cool balcony at a temperature of 5 to 10 ° C, while at the end of flowering, the flower arrow is cut off. Occasionally, the soil can be moistened with a spray bottle. Try to comply with the temperature regime, not allowing the leaves to grow prematurely, otherwise the entire development cycle is disrupted, the bows form children, but later flowering may not occur.
Care begins in April - the bulbs are brought into the room and transplanted into fresh soil. The growing season begins - the growth of new leaves. In May, when the threat of spring frosts has passed (after about the 10th), nerina can be taken out into the garden, or on the balcony, in a place shaded from the heat. From mid-July, watering is sharply reduced, in August they do not water at all - summer rest begins. At the same time, the leaves of nerine completely dry out. Sometimes the leaves dry out only partially, which may indicate a violation of agricultural technology (for example, if watering is not completely stopped).
Never prune the green leaves of the nerine (and other bulbous) - this weakens the bulbs, only dried leaves can be removed.
Lighting: Bright diffused light. In the fall, good lighting is also needed to set flower buds, so additional lighting is often necessary.
Watering: During the period of leaf growth, watering is moderate (the soil should have time to dry out after the next watering), with the dying off of the leaves, a dormant period occurs, during which watering is stopped.
Air humidity: The plant does not require high air humidity, does not need spraying.
Change: In the spring - in April. Professionals advise not to transplant nerines too often - they are usually planted in spacious pots, and transplanted after 4-5 years. A high drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot, several bulbs are planted in one pot. Soil: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of coarse sifted sand. The soil should be loose, not heavy, slightly acidic. When planting, the bulbs are buried in the ground, leaving only the upper third of the onions above the ground.
Personal experience in caring for nerina, Devi: When buying plants in a store, I came across the fact that instead of nerina they sell another flower of the amaryllis family - hymenokallis (their leaves are very similar).
I noticed that nerine blooms more readily in a cramped pot, and in a spacious one drives children. But it needs very nutritious soil, so I add half of the well-rotted compost to the garden soil. I must sterilize the earth in the oven and add the drug "Trichodermin" when planting. nerine bulbs are susceptible to rot.
Reproduction: Daughter bulbs during transplantation and seeds. The separated children are planted in the prepared soil mixture in separate pots with a diameter of about 12 cm, so that one third of the height of the bulb remains above the ground. Plants grown from seeds bloom only in the third or fifth year.