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The family of non-pennants. Homeland Africa, Asia, Australia, the islands of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. The genus of insectivorous plants in nature has about 120 species that grow in tropical rainforests.
Different types of nepentes can differ quite significantly in growing conditions, since they differ in nature - some, for example, Nepenthes reinwardtiana grow in the highlands (2000 m above sea level), where the temperature in the cold season can approach zero. Others, for example, Nepenthes mirabilis - in the marshy lowlands, where the temperature does not drop below 14 ° C.
Indoors, Nepenthes winged Nepenthes alata is widespread - it is an evergreen semi-epiphytic shrub, on average from 1.5 to 2.5 m in height. The leaves are alternate, green, elongated, oblong or lanceolate, pointed at the end, with a pronounced central vein, smoothly turning into a wide petiole at the base. Some leaves at the top, tapering, turn into a thin tendril, at the end of which a jug with a lid grows, intended for catching insects. The color of the jugs is bright: light green with red blotches. Inflorescences are racemes or panicles with small, rather inconspicuous flowers. The fruit is a capsule.
This type of nepentes is most suitable for growing, as a houseplant, since, unlike most others, it can grow at a lower air humidity - 60% is enough for it.
Temperature: In summer, preferably around 22-24 ° C. On especially hot days in summer, high humidity should be especially carefully maintained. In winter, the temperature should be at least 18 ° C with humidity above 50%. If the humidity is below the temperature minimum is 14 ° C.
Lighting: Nepentes loves a lot of light, shading is required only at noon in spring and summer. In winter, the plants must be supplemented.
Watering: The soil should be moist all the time, do not let it dry out. However, it is also impossible to allow swamps in a pot, otherwise the roots lose their ability to breathe and the plant becomes sick.
Fertilizer: In nature, nepentes receives nutrients from two sources - from the soil, and from the "digestion" of insects caught in jugs. To replenish nutrients in the soil, from May to August, nepentes is fed once every 2-3 weeks (you can use fertilizer for orchids). Fertilizer is taken in a dose half as much as recommended in the instructions. Also, once a month in the summer, you can throw fresh insects (mosquitoes or flies) into the jugs, 2 pieces for a small plant are enough. Insects can be replaced with a tiny piece of fresh meat (about the size of a match head).
Air humidity: Highest possible, which you can give. The whole difficulty of caring for nepentes lies precisely in the fact that most species require at least 80%, for this it is best to have a terrarium or florarium.
In a particularly dry time, you can compensate for the lack of moisture by pouring distilled water into a nepentes jug (you can replace with rainwater, but boiled or filtered water is not suitable). But you cannot constantly keep water in jugs, all the more, you cannot put insects in a jug if water is poured into it - this will lead to decay and damage to the water, from which the plant will only suffer.
Transfer: Soil - 1 part of leafy soil, 1 part of sphagnum moss, another composition: 1 part of peat, 1 part of coconut fiber, 1 part of pine bark. You can use a commercial orchid substrate (pH should be around 5.5). Plants are transplanted as needed when the pot becomes small. For planting, it is better to use hanging wicker baskets or orchid boxes. If not, use only clay pots.
Reproduction: By dividing the bush, cuttings or seeds. Nepentes is very sensitive to root injuries, so the division of the bush and the transplant must be done very carefully. For rooting, you can use stimulants - root, heteroauxin or zircon.