Calceolaria Calceolaria

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Calceolaria Calceolaria
Calceolaria Calceolaria
Video: Calceolaria Calceolaria
Video: Кальцеолярия из семян. Технология выращивания на 8 марта. 2023, February
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Calceolaria family. Homeland South and Central America (Chile, Argentina, Ecuador). The name of the genus comes from the Latin calceolatus - slipper - in the shape of the original two-lipped flower. In total, there are about 300 species of this plant in nature, and most of them are endemic to Ecuador.

At home and in the garden, Calceolaria hybrid Calceolaria herbeohybrida is grown. The plant forms a bush up to 45-50 cm in height. Leaves are sessile, often located on an erect stem, forming a kind of rosette. The leaves are shaped like dandelion leaves, but much wider, covered with short gray hairs on both sides. The flowers are one-color or of various colors (marble, brindle, red or white with dark specks). Reproduction of calceolaria at home is very difficult (due to the balance between cool temperatures and moderate soil moisture), so it is best to buy an already flowering plant. Undoubtedly, calceolaria is a very beautiful plant, but, unfortunately, its beauty pleases only during flowering, which does not last long enough - 6-8 weeks.In order not to damage the plant, try to deliver it from the store in a neat package so that the leaves and flowers do not wrinkle and do not get caught in strong winds.

calceolaria hybrid
calceolaria hybrid
calceolaria hybrid
calceolaria hybrid
calceolaria hybrid
calceolaria hybrid

Calceolaria Care

Temperature: Calceolaria loves a cool room, on average 15-18 ° C, but it can be lower than 10-12 ° C. In too warm rooms or in summer heat, when the temperature is above 22-25 ° C, the plants are very short-lived, shedding buds or flowers.

Lighting: bright diffused light is preferable, light partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight. It is good to place on the windowsill of the east, north or northwest window.

Watering: abundant, the earthen lump should not dry out into dust, but have time to dry out in the upper part of the pot. In wet, cool weather, when the heating season has already ended (from May), the soil in the pot dries longer, it is necessary to water less often than on dry warm days.

Air humidity: Calceolaria requires a very high air humidity, for this pots with plants are placed on a wide tray with pebbles or expanded clay. The pubescent leaves of calceolaria do not like water getting on them, so you can humidify the air in other ways, for example, put a room fountain next to it.

Transplant: Only needed for plants grown from seeds. If you bought a potted calceolaria, you do not need to transplant it. After flowering, the plant is discarded. For seedlings, nutritious, well-drained soil is needed. The soil for planting calceolaria can consist of 2 parts of turf, 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of pine bark or needles and 1 part of fine gravel. You can use peat-based soil from the store, add a spoonful of vermiculite, a spoonful of coarse sand to 1 pot.

Calceolaria from seeds

Calceolaria can be propagated by seed. Seeds, sown in May-July, without sprinkling with soil on top (calceolaria seeds germinate in the light) and with a double pick. For the first time, they dive when two true leaves are formed in a pot with a diameter of about 7 cm. Then a month later in a pot with a diameter of 12 cm. Calceolaria seeds germinate at a temperature not exceeding 18 ° C, usually within 5-10 days. Calceolaria grows quite quickly, but it will take about 2 months from the moment of germination before flowering.

Calceolaria can theoretically be propagated by apical cuttings, rooting them in water. In this case, the cuttings must be cut in July-August. But this is only theoretically, since the plant still will not survive the winter at home.

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