Table of contents:
Orchid family. Cambria is not a genus name, but the name of a hybrid that comes from the crossing of various types of orchids. For example, Vuylstekeara Cambria "Plush", which is simply abbreviated to flower sellers and suppliers as Cumbria, is a hybrid of the genus Vuylstekeara, obtained from the crossing of orchids of the genera Cochlioda Cochlioda x Miltonia Miltonia x Odontoglossum Odontoglossum. Although, Cumbria is more correct, a generalized name for complex hybrids, as a participant of our forum noted - to make life easier, because the pronunciation of a hybrid of Vilestekeara, or Kalmanara, Burrageara, is too difficult for any language.
These are sympodial orchids with developed bulbs, oval flattened or elongated spindle-shaped, bearing, as a rule, 2-3 leaves. Leaves, tightly set to each other, broadly lanceolate, up to 50 cm long, dark green in color, with a pronounced central vein. The flowers are large, about 7-10 cm in diameter, the petals are red (to burgundy) with white blotches, the lip is wide, red at the base and white from the middle with red specks.
'Wildcat Bobcat' Photo: sunfleur
Cambria Photo: Freya
Temperature: Cambria is moderately thermophilic, in summer the optimum temperature is about 22-26 ° C, it is desirable that the night temperature difference is about 4-6 ° C. In winter, keep cool at 16-18 ° C.
Lighting: Requires bright but diffused lighting. In the summer, it can be kept on the north window or on the east windowsill, where the sun pleases, but does not burn. In autumn and winter, if flowering continues, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps may be necessary.
Watering: Moistening the substrate should be regular but moderate. The roots of the cambria should not stand in the water, so it is desirable that the pot has many holes in the bottom and walls. Watering is necessary when the substrate in the pot dries out completely after the previous watering, that is, the bark inside the pot will also be dry. It is better to water the cambria by immersion, not allowing it to get wet with the rhizome.
When watering by immersion, a pot of cambria is immersed in a bowl or bucket of warm, soft (boiled) water for 10 minutes. Then you need to take out the pot, wait for all the water to drain and put it in place. It should be borne in mind that there should be frequent and large holes (1-1.5 cm) at the bottom of the pot (and in the walls). The frequency of watering depends on the air temperature and the moisture content of the substrate. For example, if the temperatures are above 24 ° C every 5 days, if about 20-22 ° C every 7-10 days.
Fertilizer: During the growth period, they are fed with a special fertilizer for orchids once every two weeks during watering by immersion or by spraying on a leaf. Cumbria are very sensitive to substrate salinity, so it is better not to feed them than to overfeed them with fertilizer.
Air humidity: Cambria is less demanding on high air humidity than many other orchids, but it is better to pollinate the air around the leaves once a day with soft water on hot, dry days. If the room is very warm (more than 28 ° C), then you can spray twice a day, but make sure that the water does not flow down to the substrate in streams.
Transplant: Transplant is carried out when the need arises:
- the roots of the orchid begin to crawl out of the pot, and the plant slows down
- decomposed and turned into dust bark substrate
- rotting appeared, the bark was covered with mold
- you just bought a plant in an unknown substrate or markdown
If your cambria has been growing for a long time, then the transplant should be timed to coincide with the bright spring days in March or after flowering. Soil for cambria: a mixture of pine bark and fern roots. The fraction is large cubes of bark with a side of about 1.5-2 cm. Since the fern roots are a big problem to get, you can take pine bark and pieces of foam in half. You don't need to add sphagnum moss, but you can use coconut chips (shards from the shell of a coconut) or forest moss (which is tough, not hygroscopic, and dries like wire). To prevent the orchid pot from falling, place one or two large stones on the bottom.
It is not advisable to plant cambria and hybrids in orchid soil from a store (where peat, sand, moss, etc.), or in ordinary peat soil. Cambria is an epiphyte, like other orchids, the roots must breathe! When planting, do not cover the root of the bulb with the substrate.
After transplanting, do not water the orchid for about 5 days. Cambria really does not like salinization of the substrate. Therefore, if a white bloom appears on the bark, then it needs to be changed, and the water for irrigation should be boiled or a filter should be used to soften the water.
Reproduction: By dividing the bush during transplantation. Reproduction is painlessly possible if at least 3-4 bulbs remain on the mother plant. The separated children should be planted in the same way as described above for adult plants, only the pot is smaller.