Table of contents:
Commeline family. Homeland - Central and South America. About 20 species are widespread in nature. Callisia is a close relative of Tradescantia. Many of our grandmothers grow fragrant callus at home as a medicinal plant for almost all diseases. It is up to you to decide whether the tincture from callisia helps or not, but it is known that all types of callisia well clean and humidify the air in the house.
- Callisia creeping Callisia repens is a perennial herb about 10 cm tall, with creeping stems, creeping, densely leafy. The leaves are alternately arranged, with a tubular sheath (tightly covering the stem), heart-shaped, pointed at the end, about 10-15 mm long. The surface of the leaf is green, the reverse side with a burgundy tint. Used as a ground cover plant or ampelous.
- Callisia fragrant Callisia fragrans - the "golden mustache" known throughout the country, is perhaps the most widespread medicinal plant on our windowsills. Long shoots of two types. Some are shortened, growing vertically, with a dense rosette of succulent leaves (leaves are sessile, alternately located, but the distance between them is minimal). The leaves are oblong, up to 20 cm long, dark green in color, pointed at the end. Another type of shoots, rather resembles a strawberry whiskers - the shoots spread along the ground, but have sparse leaves, when they take root in another place, it grows up again and forms a powerful rosette of leaves. Inflorescences racemose with small white flowers, with a pleasant aroma.
- Callisia navicular variation graceful Callisia gentlei var. elegans is a perennial herb about 30-40 cm tall, creeping stems, creeping, alternate leaves, with a tubular sheath, ovoid, pointed at the end, about 7 cm long. The leaf surface is dark green with longitudinal silvery stripes along the veins; the reverse side of the leaf is purple. The stems and leaves are covered with pubescence. In late summer - early autumn blooms with white nondescript flowers.
Temperature: moderate, in summer it is optimal during the day about 26 ° С, at night 18-20 ° С. In winter, a cooler content is desirable at 116-18 ° C, at least 12 ° C. In warmer conditions in winter, the plants are very stretched, depleted, by the spring they wither and it is necessary to renew the bushes from cuttings.
Lighting: bright diffused light, shading from the direct sun during the hot part of the day. If it is too dark, the plant grows, the shoots stretch out, and the distance between the leaves increases. In winter, callisia can stand on the southern windowsill, in spring and summer, without shading, only on the east or north-west.
Watering: abundant from spring to autumn - the soil should always be slightly moist inside the pot, i.e. watered as the top layer of the earth dries up. In winter, watering is moderate, sparse, depending on the temperature, i.e. the soil should dry well at the top of the pot before watering again.
Top dressing: from March to August, callisia is fed with fertilizer for indoor decorative deciduous plants every two weeks, at a dose half the recommended dose.
Air humidity: the plant loves daily spraying, the optimum air humidity is 40-50%. The main thing is to protect the batteries from the directed hot air during the heating season.
Transfer: annually in the spring. The soil is slightly acidic reaction, a mixture: 1 part sod, 1 part leaf, 1 part humus and 1 part sand (or pine bark). Callisia grow rather quickly - the shoots are stretched out, bare in the lower part (first of all, because there is little light or a warm wintering). Therefore, the plant is rejuvenated - in the spring, the apical cuttings are cut and rooted in water, several cuttings are planted in one pot.
Reproduction: stem cuttings (theoretically at any time of the year), take root within a week or two. You just need to put the cuttings in a jar of clean water, change the water every 2-3 days. You can plant the cuttings in a pot when the roots grow about 4-5 cm. You can use a soil from a store, for example, TerraVita or any universal soil.