Callistemon Callistemon

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Callistemon Callistemon
Callistemon Callistemon
Video: Callistemon Callistemon
Video: Каллистемон лимонный 2023, February
Anonim
callistemon
callistemon

Callistemon lemon

Myrtle family. The genus includes about 40 species of small evergreen trees or shrubs. Homeland - Australia and New Caledonia. Close relatives are Myrtle, Metrosideros and Melaleuca.

Callistemon lemon yellow Callistemon citrinus is an evergreen shrub, about 2-3 m high, the leaves are alternate, narrow, lanceolate, about 7 cm long, 7-8 mm wide, leathery, gray-green, if you rub them, you can feel a lemon scent (hence species name). Inflorescences are apical, spike-shaped, about 10 cm long, appear in July. The flowers have very short petals and sepals, a corolla of a five-petal, and very long, numerous stamens, up to 5 cm, deep red with yellow anthers. The peculiarity of the genus is the continuation of the peduncle with a vegetative shoot (shoot with leaves). In nature, under full illumination, callistemon inflorescences are very fluffy, the flowering shoots themselves are shaped like brushes.

Callistemon linearis Callistemon linearis is a shrub up to 3 m high, narrow-lanceolate leaves, about 10 cm long and 3 mm wide. Inflorescences are about 13-15 cm long.

Callistemon willow Callistemon salignus is a branchy tree reaching 10 m in height, with narrow elliptical leaves, on young shoots with a purple tint. Leaves 7-9 cm long, 7-14 mm wide, pointed at the end in shape resemble willow (hence the name of the species). Inflorescences about 5-7 cm long, cream-colored stamens with yellow anthers.

Callistemon rod-shaped Callistemon viminalis is a branchy tree reaching 8m in height. Leaves are linear, gray-green, 3-7 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, inflorescences up to 10 cm long. The stamens are purple-red, about 6 cm long, a feature of the species - the stamens at the base are fused into a ring.

Callistemon care

callistemon
callistemon

Callistemon willow

Temperature: moderate, when kept indoors in winter, it is advisable to provide a temperature not higher than 12 ° C, winter minimum + 5 ° C. At the end of spring, when the threat of frost has passed, callistemon can be taken out into the garden, in a sunny place protected from the wind.

Lighting: full solar lighting. Preferably a south or southwest sill. If there is little light, for example, on the northern windows, the callistemon does not bloom and the shoots stretch out noticeably. If you notice that the shoots are bare from below, you should think about additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.

Watering: plentiful from spring to autumn; in winter, water so that only the top layer of the earth dries up. Like all myrtle, callistemon does not tolerate dryness and stagnation of water. Make large drainage holes in the bottom of the pot, and drain the pan after watering.

Top dressing: from March to August, they are fed with complex fertilizer for azaleas or heathers. Apply fertilizer every three weeks, no more. Callistemon reacts to overfeeding with fertilizers by yellowing and discarding leaves, so it is better to underfeed than overfeed.

Air humidity: regular spraying or a drip tray of water if cool wintering is not provided so that the plant does not suffer from dry air.

Transfer: annually in the spring. Soil 2 parts sod, 1 part peat land, 1 part humus, 1 part sand, 1 part pine bark. Callistemons do not tolerate limed soils - the pH is only slightly acidic. If a saline effusion (dry white or reddish coating) appears on the surface of the earth, remove the top layer of the earth and replace it with a fresh one. It is worth more carefully preparing water for irrigation - filtering and boiling. The pot should not be too spacious, but only commensurate with the root system.

In the spring, at the beginning of growth, the calistemon can be trimmed to form a crown. Callistemon is also cut off after flowering to give a more decorative look. The fact is that many find the appearance of seed pods on the shoots unsightly - they look like burned out Bengal candles - "the ball is over, the candles are out", so they are cut off. Pruning, in turn, improves the bushiness of the plant, which subsequently leads to more abundant flowering.

Reproduction: semi-woody cuttings and seeds. Seeds are sown in bowls in a mixture of peat and sand (in equal amounts) in the month of March, without sprinkling with earth. They moisten the ground well, cover with glass or film. The soil in the bowl should be humid all the time and ventilated regularly. They dive into permanent pots when 2 pairs of true leaves develop on the seedlings.

Cuttings are cut with a length of 8-10 cm, leaves are cut off from the lower half of the cutting or 2/3 of the height from below. Rooted in wet vermiculite or water, in a room greenhouse (or under a transparent cover). It is advisable to pre-treat the cuttings with a growth stimulant (for example, the rooting drug, or heteroauxin). Rooting usually takes 1.5-2 months.

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