Chestnutospermum Castanospermum

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Chestnutospermum Castanospermum
Chestnutospermum Castanospermum
Video: Chestnutospermum Castanospermum
Video: Magic Bean Plant Care | Australian Chestnut Plant | Lucky Bean Plant 2023, February

The legume family. Homeland Australia.

At home, the Australian Kashtanospermum Castanospermum australe is grown - an evergreen tree with a dense crown and erect shoots, reaching a height of up to 30 meters in nature (under indoor conditions, old specimens grow 2.5-3m). The leaves are opposite, dark green, pinnate, each segment up to 15 cm long, on an adult leaf there are 15-17 leaves. Leaves are oval, pointed at the end, slightly wavy along the edge. Inflorescence - axillary panicles. Flowers are two-colored, red-yellow, with long stamens, five-membered calyx and corolla, 3-4 cm long. Flowering does not occur in indoor conditions. The fruit is a pod 10-20 cm long, the seeds are dark brown. Leaves and seeds are poisonous.

Indoor chestnut care

Temperature: Moderate in summer, preferably in the upper range of 24-26 ° C. In winter, it is advisable to keep indoor chestnuts in a cooler, but bright room with an average temperature of about 18 ° C, but not below + 12 ° C. Kashtanospermum does not tolerate heat well, the proximity of heating systems to a substitute, especially in conditions of lack of light.

Lighting: bright diffused light, shading from the direct sun in hot summer months - this is from about 12 to 16 hours. But on the east or north-west window, direct sunlight for a room chestnut is not terrible, but very useful.

Watering: abundant from spring to autumn. Water the plant with soft water only when the top layer of earth in the pot dries out, preventing overdrying. In winter, it is more rare, depending on the temperature, the earth should dry out thoroughly, but not dry out completely. If in doubt about watering, then keep in mind that the plant will still tolerate overdrying more easily than overflowing.

Fertilizers: annually in spring and summer, once every 2-3 weeks, fertilizing is carried out for decorative flowering plants.

Air humidity: Chestnutospermum loves humid air, in nature it grows along riverbeds and streams, so it can be sprayed and given a warm shower, but at the same time, carefully protect the ground in a pot from water (for example, wrap tightly with cling film). You need to spray with soft, settled water.

Transplant: carried out after 2-3 years, large old plants are not transplanted, but the top layer of the earth is replaced. The soil should be slightly acidic reaction pH 5.5-5.9. Indoor chestnuts need nutritious and well-drained soil. The approximate composition of the soil: 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of light soddy land (collect from molehills in the spring in the field) and 1 part of coarse washed river sand. Instead of sand, vermiculite, fine expanded clay are suitable. It's a good idea to add finely chopped pine bark to the soil. The pot should not be cramped or too spacious - look at the photo of an indoor chestnut - this is the ideal pot size. Calculate the height of the pot so that the drainage layer fits at the bottom.

Reproduction: Semi-woody cuttings from mid-summer and seeds.

Growing problems

  • Insufficient light: Plants may lack light if they stand far from a window. But even on a bright windowsill in winter, there may be a lack of light if the temperature is high. In this case, the shoots and internodes stretch out, the leaves turn pale.
  • Chestnutospermum can be attacked by spider mites, especially if the air is too dry and hot. It is worth looking for a tick on the leaves if you notice that the leaves turn yellow, or light dots have appeared on the leaves. You can fight a tick by increasing the humidity. You can also wash the plant with a pet flea shampoo. Repeat the procedure 3-4 times in a week.

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