Conophytum Conophytum

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Conophytum Conophytum
Conophytum Conophytum
Video: Conophytum Conophytum
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Aizoon family. Homeland South Africa. In nature, there are about 270 species of leafy succulents growing in groups in arid regions. A characteristic feature of most conophytums is that their dormant period begins from late winter to mid-summer, or from spring and will last until early autumn. Conophytums are small plants that tend to form dense, but slowly growing colonies. A single plant consists of a pair of fused leaves. Moreover, the degree of accretion of leaves depends on the species. The most common types:

  • Conophytum biloba Conophytum bilobum - has a slightly flattened heart-shaped "body", bluish-green, about 2.5 cm in diameter. Flowers are yellow, up to 3 cm in diameter, appear in late August - September.
  • Whitish Konophytum Conophytum albescens - has a laterally flattened body, obovate, formed by fused grayish-green leaves. The "body" is about 2.5-3 cm in diameter. The leaves are covered with the finest whitish pubescence and have a dot pattern on their upper surface. The flowers are yellow.
  • Reverse conical conophytum Conophytum obconellum - has an inverse conical "body" shape, about 2 cm in diameter. The leaves are covered with fine pubescence and have a dot pattern on their upper surface. The flowers are yellow.
  • Conophytum nanum Conophytum nanum - has a spherical body, only about 7 mm in diameter. Leaves are grayish green. The flowers are up to 1 cm in diameter, white, and the ends of the petals are reddish.
  • Conophytum Friedrich Conophytum fridrichae - has a heart-shaped body, about 2.5 cm tall. The leaves are almost completely fused, grayish-green with a translucent surface and dark streaks - spots on the upper side. The flowers are up to 1 cm in diameter, white, and the ends of the petals are reddish.
  • Conophytum Pearson Conophytum pearsonii - has a spherical body, up to 1.5 cm tall. The leaves are practically fused, ranging in color from blue-green to yellowish-green. Flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, lilac-pink.

Conophytum - care and cultivation

Temperature: moderate all the time. Best kept outdoors or in a well-ventilated area during summer. In winter, a dormant period at a temperature of 13-14 ° C, not less than 6 ° C, not higher than 15 ° C, with a dry content.

Lighting: Conophytum requires adequate sunlight, but sun training should be gradual so that the plant does not get burned.

Watering: moderate during the growing season. It is watered very carefully, the roots quickly rot from excess water, therefore, succulents should stand dry between waterings. During the rest period, watering is stopped altogether.

Watering requirements depend on the type of conophytum and the timing of its dormant period. As a rule, species with larger long leaves have a dormant period from late winter to early summer, and small plants with globular leaves from mid-summer to late autumn. From the beginning of the dormant period, watering is reduced, while the leaves of the conophytum gradually begin to wrinkle and their skin becomes thinner. Watering at this time is completely stopped. Since the completely aboveground part of the plant does not die - new leaves are formed inside the old leaves, watering at this time can lead to decay and death of the plant. They begin to water the conophytum only when the old leaves shrink completely and the skin becomes very thin.

Top dressing: Conophytum is necessary only if it has not been transplanted. Fertilizer is taken in half the dose recommended by the manufacturer, and applied with water for irrigation once a month. For feeding, special fertilizers are used for cacti or succulents (and with a small nitrogen content).

Air humidity: tolerates dry air well, does not need spraying.

Transplant: Konophytums prefer cramped pots, so transplant is usually carried out after 2-3 years. Planting containers should be wide and not deep with a high drainage layer. Soil - 1 part leafy land, 1 part river sand, 1/2 part clay. You can use a commercial succulent potting mix. After transplanting, in order to avoid decay of the roots, they are watered only after 2 weeks.

Reproduction: after the young leaves begin to grow, a separate "body" of the conophytum is cut with a sharp knife. Sprinkle the cut with phytohormone powder and dry for 2 days. Then they are placed on a dry soil surface in a prepared pot and watered no earlier than 3 weeks later, when young roots have already appeared.

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