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Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa. Clivia will bloom year after year if properly watered and not left in a warm room over the winter.
Types of clivia
- Clivia orange or Clivia cinnabar Clivia miniata is a herbaceous perennial plant. It has no stem - the leaves are collected in a root rosette. Leaves are belt-shaped, dark green up to 60 cm long. It throws out an inflorescence of 10-12 flowers at the end of a tall peduncle in early spring. There are forms with orange, red, yellow and cream colored flowers. The fruit is a berry.
- Clivia stem Clivia caulescens is a herbaceous perennial plant, quite rare in indoor floriculture. The leaf sheath is the overgrown base of the leaf, forms an open tube around the axial part of the shoot and protects the axillary buds. Due to the densely sitting leaves to each other, the "stem" of the clivia stretches quite high (up to a meter long). Leaves are belt-shaped, dark green in color up to 100 cm. The flowers are drooping, from 15 to 20 on a long peduncle. Sometimes there are several peduncles, and in greenhouses, with perfect care, up to 50 flowers can form on some peduncles. The petals are fused, salmon colored, turning into green at the end. In nature, it blooms in spring and summer, and indoors - at any time of the year. In terms of care requirements, it almost does not differ from cinnabar clivia.
Clivia cinnabar Сlivia miniata citrina
Clivia cinnabar Сlivia miniata
Clivia stem Clivia caulescens
Clivia is a wonderful plant for your home if it is not hot in winter or if you have a cool room, an insulated balcony, or even better, a winter garden. Clivia does not like to be disturbed - they touch her once more and rearrange her from place to place. She needs space in the room - some specimens in adulthood form a rosette with a diameter of about 1 m. Clivia is a very long-lived plant, under the right growing conditions it will live with you for up to 40 years. Old plants growing in large tubs are not transplanted, but only fertilized with fertilizers and replace the top layer of the earth. The best clivia specimens from old plants form up to 40-50 peduncles.
Clivia prefers moderate temperatures, for trouble-free growth she needs 20-25 ° C, in the heat above 28 ° C it sharply inhibits growth, leaves can dry. For the full growth and flowering of clivia, daily temperature fluctuations are required, it is desirable that the difference between day and night be 7-10 ° C. In winter, from October to February, with a natural decrease in illumination, clivia must be provided with a dry and cool dormant period at a temperature not higher than 15 ° C, but not lower than 10 ° C.
Clivia is photophilous, but the spring and summer scorching sun is contraindicated for her. Ideally, in spring and summer, an east or north-west window sill will suit her, and in winter, a south or west window, where it is much lighter. At the same time, in central Russia, shading on southern solar windows from September to the end of January is not necessary - the daylight hours are short, the sun is not aggressive. From the end of January, sometimes sunny days are established later and the clivia needs to be shaded from 11 to 15 hours. In summer, on hot days, shading is needed until 16-17 hours.
Clivia is not a small plant, with a large leaf mass and powerful roots, the pot is always cramped - this means that watering should be abundant, not superficial, with good soil wetting. You must decide whether it is more convenient for you to water by immersion or from above, the main thing is that the root neck does not get wet. In cool weather, watering is reduced, the soil should not remain damp for a long time (more than 3 days). From autumn until the peduncle reaches a height of 10-15 cm, watering is moderate and careful - the earth should dry out well. In winter, when kept in the cold (10-12 ° C), instead of a watering can, you can use a sprayer that will provide the necessary moisture to the earth and moisten the leaves, but drops of water should not flow down the leaves, to the base of the outlet - this threatens the formation of necrotic spots and rot. If in winter in a room of 15 and above, then you have to water the clivia more often, but rememberingthat this plant does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnation of water in a pot.
During the period of active growth, every week the clivia needs to be fed with a special fertilizer for flowering indoor plants. Do not try to make fertilizers from mineral garden fertilizers, use ready-made complex fertilizers of well-known brands: Fertika, Merry Flower Girl, Agricola, Pocon, Bona Forte, etc. Clivia does not like fertilizers in the form of tablets and sticks; two times less than recommended: more often and slightly preferable.
In general, clivia is tolerant of dry air, 40-45% is enough for it. But from time to time, the leaves are sprayed and periodically wiped with a sponge to remove dust. Do not use leaf polish.
Clivias are transplanted after flowering, small bushes annually. In the future, the roots will "say" about the need for transplanting when they begin to crawl out of the pot. How to replant: when you take the clivia out of the pot, some of the soil will crumble by itself - we do not need it. It is unacceptable to pick out, stir up the roots - everything that did not crumble itself needs to be preserved. Place in a slightly larger pot and top up with fresh soil. The difference between the pots is approximately 1-2 cm in diameter. By the way, clay pots are more suitable for clivias - they are heavier and more stable.
The soil should be porous, air and moisture permeable.
- Soil for large old specimens of clivia: 2 parts of sod, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus, 2 parts of small pebbles (3-5 mm).
- Soil for young clivia (after purchase): 1 part chopped pine bark, 1 part universal soil (Terra Vita living earth), 1 part small pebbles.
The difference in the composition of the substrate is explained by the fact that large, old specimens (and clivia are long-livers) need more nutritious and dense soil, because they need to be transplanted not every year, but after 2-3 years. Although the topsoil can be replaced with fresh soil annually, removing impoverished saline soil. In addition, the roots of large clivia in light soil do not support the weight of a powerful plant, and it can topple over, fall out of the pot, from its own weight or when rearranged.
Clivia is propagated by division during transplantation or by seeds. You can separate the daughter sockets, which have already formed at least 4 leaves. Plant in small pots, protect from the sun at first and water sparingly.
To obtain seeds from clivia, artificial cross-pollination is required during flowering (use a brush). The berries ripen slowly - several months, gradually acquiring a color from green to orange, then red. When the berry is soft to the touch, you can harvest the seeds. On average, 9-10 months pass until the fruit ripens. Seeds are not stored, quickly losing germination. Therefore, immediately after collection, they are sown in bowls filled with a mixture of universal peat soil (in equal parts). Germination at a temperature of 22-24 ° C. Seedlings appear in 1.5 - 2 months, but clivia will bloom with seed propagation only after 3-5 years.
After the seedlings have leaves, they are planted in separate pots. For the first two years, young plants are not satisfied with a dormant period, but are regularly fed.
In the fall of the third year, grown and strengthened plants are satisfied with a dormant period of 2 months. During dormancy, the plants are practically not watered, and are kept at a temperature of about 10 ° C. Already this year, some plants can bloom, although usually flowering occurs at 4 years.