Cordilina Cordyline

Table of contents:

Cordilina Cordyline
Cordilina Cordyline
Video: Cordilina Cordyline
Video: Кордилина уход в домашних условиях / Cordyline 2023, February
Anonim
Cordilina
Cordilina

Cordilina apical cultivar 'Red Edge'

Asparagus family. There is still confusion with the Cordilin family, but it's time to calm down - according to official sources - The Plant List is a catalog (list) of all known plant species, Cordilina belongs to asparagus (asparagus).

Cordilins are evergreen shrubs and trees with a spreading crown. In culture, there are about 15 species. In their homeland, these are mainly very large plants, reaching a height of several meters. At home, cordilins grow slowly and live with proper care for a very long time, as long as there is enough space and light. Large specimens are planted in tubs and placed in a bright place by the window. A tulle curtain protects the plant from direct sunlight, and if you put a cordilina in the back of the room, it will not have enough light, then old plants lose their old lower leaves especially more intensively and the plant looks naked. On sale, you can often find cordilina in the form of a rooted piece of stem.

Cordilina southern or Australian Cordylina australis is a tree with saber-shaped green leathery leaves, up to 1 m long and 2-5 cm wide. There are varieties with red or yellow stripes along the leaf. Homeland South Zealand. This large cordilina with a spreading crown is more suitable for growing in greenhouses: it requires a lot of space, light and a cool winter.

Cordilina apical Cordylinu terminalis is a tree with a weakly branched, weakly expressed or non-branched trunk. The leaves are oblong, narrowed at the end, about 50-80 cm long and 5-10 cm wide. There are forms with green leaves and raspberry stripes on them, as well as with brown, yellow and red stripes. Homeland India, Malaysia, Polynesia, Australia. This type of cordilina requires more intense lighting and is more capricious to care for, in winter it requires a warm content.

Cordilina undivided Cordylina indivisa is a tree that does not have a branched trunk. The leaves are lanceolate, tapering towards the base, often with a reddish border, and a bluish tint below, 60-100 cm long and 10-12 cm wide. The central vein on the leaf is orange or red. Homeland New Zealand.

Cordilina straight Cordylinu stricta is a tree whose stem is covered with remnants of dead lower leaves from below. Leaves up to 60 cm long, lanceolate or linear, tapering towards the end and with serrations or roughness along the edge. There are forms with bronze-purple leaves. Homeland Australia.

Cordilins in appearance are often confused with dracaena. To distinguish them, you have to get the plant out of the pot. In cordilina, the roots are white on the cut and have swellings or pineal growths, and in dracaena, the roots are even and smooth in color from orange and yellow to light brown.

Cordilina care

Cordilina
Cordilina

Cordilina apical cultivar 'Tango'

Temperature

In summer, normal, moderate. Cordilins do not tolerate heat above 28-30 ° C. Grow well on open terraces and in the garden. In winter, most cordilins prefer a cool overwintering at a temperature of 8-10 ° C, but there are also thermophilic species (apical cordilina) that winter well at 20-22 ° C.

Lighting

A bright place, partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight. Many consider cordilina, like dracaena, to be a shade-loving plant, but in fact, in a dark place, it will stagnate and shrink. Intense light is needed for good growth and development. Variegated forms require more lighting than green leafed forms. If there is enough light in the summer, then in the winter the cordilines should be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually not enough lighting.

Watering

Plentiful in summer, moderate in winter, but taking into account the indoor temperature (the colder, the less often). Cordilins do not tolerate stagnant water in a pot, otherwise the plants will shed their leaves, easily rot. But also these plants do not tolerate overdrying of an earthen coma. Cordilins are suitable for hydroponic cultivation.

Fertilizer

During the growing period, from April to August, every two weeks, cordilins are fed with special complex fertilizers for indoor plants. You can use "Rainbow", "Ideal", "Giant", etc.

Air humidity

Cordilins require regular leaf spraying. As long as the plant is small, it can be placed on a tray of water. Give the plant a warm shower from time to time to remove dust and freshen the plant, while protecting the ground from getting wet. Dry brown leaf tips often grow on cordilina when kept in rooms with central heating in winter. If the air in the room is very dry, then even spraying does not save the cordilina, the leaves gradually dry out. In this case, the only way out is a humidifier.

Transfer

In the spring every two years. The soil for cordilina is a mixture of sod and leafy soil, rotted manure or greenhouse soil with the addition of sand. When replanting a plant, add pieces of birch charcoal to the fresh soil mixture in addition to sand.

Cordilins respond well to periodic loosening of the top layer of soil in pots in spring and summer. This improves soil aeration. If in a pot the soil on the surface is covered with a white crust - these are salt deposits from water and soil, then this soil must be removed and replaced with fresh one.

Reproduction

Cordilins are propagated by apical cuttings (possibly with the use of heteroauxin and heated soil), pieces of a trunk, at least 10 cm long, air layering and root suckers. If you cut off the top of the cordilina, you can put it in a jar of water by adding a few pieces of charcoal there, after three months the roots will appear and the plant is planted in a pot.

Popular by topic