Croton Codiaeum - Care And Problems Of Growing, Reproduction

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Croton Codiaeum - Care And Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Croton Codiaeum - Care And Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: Croton Codiaeum - Care And Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: CROTON Problems? What a Croton Plant Needs to THRIVE | Petra Crotons 2023, February
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croton
croton

The euphorbia family. Homeland Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. In nature, 14 species are widespread, but only one is grown as an ornamental plant - Codiaeum variegated Codiaeum variegatum or Croton. This common houseplant is prized for the beauty of its leaves.

Stems are erect, strongly branching. The leaves of the codiaeum are leathery, shiny, alternate. In nature, croton grows up to 3-4 m in height, in room conditions, up to a maximum of 1 m. Sometimes, even in indoor conditions, crotons can bloom. The inflorescences are racemose, loose, about 20-30 cm long, the plant is dioecious, therefore the flowers are male or female. Male flowers are white, on thin long pedicels, five-petaled, but petals are smaller in size than leathery reddish sepals, about 30 stamens, they give the flowers the appearance of a fluffy ball. Female flowers are white-yellow, on plump short pedicels. Sepals are leathery, fused at the base with petals into a ball, three petals as thin as threads, bent back in the upper part. The female inflorescences are completely nondescript, the male ones are more elegant, but do not represent decorative value.There are codiaums with laurel leaves, lobed, curled, long ribbon-shaped, finger-shaped, etc. At home, there are a large number of hybrids, the exact name of which can be difficult to determine.

Care by ha Croton

Temperature: Croton is a thermophilic plant, in summer it is satisfied with the usual room temperature, you can take the plant out into the garden or on the balcony, as long as the temperature at night is not lower than 13-14 degrees and there is protection from the wind. In winter, Croton grows well in a cool room, optimally about 18-20 ° C, at least 14 ° C, temperatures above 20 ° C and a lack of sun in winter lead to stretching of the shoots. In croton, the lower leaves fly around, it loses its decorative value. Therefore, if it is not possible to keep the codiaum at 18 ° C, make sure that it has enough light. Be sure to protect batteries from direct dry air.

Lighting: Croton is photophilous, to maintain the multi-colored color of the leaves you need a lot of morning and evening sun (the ideal place is the east or north-west window), in the southern sun it will burn. They gradually accustom themselves to the spring sun, and in the summer they will need shading from the sun during the hottest hours (from 12 to 15 hours). In winter, you need good lighting, a bright room. Croton can be illuminated with ordinary luminaires or LED lamps.

croton flower
croton flower

Watering: abundant from spring to autumn, the soil should only have time to dry out in the upper third of the pot. In winter, watering is moderate, dry the soil half the height of the pot (as it dries out from above, wait another 2-3 days with watering). Croton does not tolerate the complete dryness of an earthen coma, while it can shed almost all the leaves, although excessive soil moisture is also not desirable. Guideline for watering - if the leaves began to droop slightly. If they sank like a rag, this is already a serious problem - some of the lower leaves may dry out and fall off. Croton loves water lukewarm and soft.

Top dressing: from April to August with full mineral fertilizer for indoor plants, every 2 weeks. You can use any fertilizer for ornamental deciduous plants, there are special ones for variegated. It is important that the top dressing includes not only macronutrients (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus), but also equally important microelements: boron, iron, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, sulfur.

Air humidity: Croton likes humid air, the optimum humidity is 40-45%. Dry air that can damage the plant - in rooms with central heating in winter. It is regularly sprayed and the leaves are periodically wiped, if the humidity drops to 10-20%, this happens in severe frost, if the batteries are very hot, cover them with wet sheets, and put the pot in a wide pan with water. In another period, when the heating is turned off, croton does not need to be sprayed at all, it does just fine without it.

Transplant: once every two years, old after three to four years. If a salt deposit or even a dense crust has formed on the surface of the soil, you need to remove the top 2 cm of soil and add fresh soil. Soil for croton: 1 part sod, 1 part leaf (or peat land), 1 part fine gravel (2-3 mm). Croton does not like too large, spacious pots. From shop soils, you can advise the universal Terra Vita (living earth), soils for large plants such as palms, ficuses or soil for seedlings of vegetables (do not forget to sterilize it) with an acidity of 5.5 to 6, i.e. slightly sour.

Croton reproduction

Cuttings, they take root better in late winter, early spring. For rooting, you can put it in water or in wet expanded clay. If the stalk does not want to root, cut off the tip 3-5 mm, dip it in a stimulator (root) and put it back on rooting, but adding heating so that the temperature of the vermiculite or soil is 25-26 ° C (you can put it on a battery on a wide pallet or on a heating pad).

Croton Frequently Asked Questions

Croton - features of growing

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