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Commeline family. Homeland - tropical rainforests of Mexico, Antilles.
Rhoeo spathacea Rhoeo spathacea or Reo variegated Rhoeo discolor is an obsolete name, now this plant is considered one of the representatives of the genus Tradescantia and its correct name is Tradescantia spathacea. This is a herbaceous rhizome plant with a short fleshy erect stem, from which leaves densely planted to each other of a linear-lanceolate dark green color, red-violet below, about 30 cm long, practically forming a rosette. There is a form "Rhoeo spathacea Vittata" with leaves covered with yellow stripes on top and purple-red underneath.
Caring for Reo
Temperature: In the spring and summer, the most common one that exists at home. Ideally for good growth between 22-23 ° C. In winter, if the apartment is dark and there is no possibility of additional lighting, the temperature needs to be cooler, about 18-20 ° C, at least 16 ° C, but this is not a prerequisite if it is possible to rearrange the flower pot closer to the light. In addition, in hot wintering conditions with dry air (in a heated room), rheo gradually loses its lower leaves and decorative appeal.
Lighting: The plant is light-requiring, from April to August, shading is required from direct sunlight in the afternoon. Rheo grows well on the east and north-west windows. But only in the warm season. In winter, sometimes there is not enough light - you can tell by the appearance of the plant - it reaches for light, new leaves are smaller than old ones.
Watering: Abundant in the warm season - the soil should be slightly moist inside the pot, but have time to dry out on top. In autumn and winter, when the humidity is higher and / or lower the temperature and light, watering moderately, after the soil dries out at the top of the pot, wait another 2-3 days before watering. To avoid leaving white spots on the leaves, try to use soft water.
Top dressing: From March to August, add complex fertilizer for ornamental foliage plants to the water for irrigation once every two weeks, according to the instructions. Do not feed Reo 1-1.5 months after transplanting.
Air humidity: Rheo, like all Tradescantia, loves humid air, it becomes necessary to spray when the hygrometer readings are below 55% - this is during the heating season in winter and dry hot days in summer. The rest of the time does not need spraying.
Transfer: Annually in spring, possibly again in summer. The pot for rheo should not be too deep, its root system is shallow. Soil: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus, 1 part of fine gravel. Drainage to the bottom of the pot can be made of polystyrene or expanded clay, but the main thing is that it does not clog the holes in the bottom of the pot. For planting, you can use soil from a store, universal peat, soil for growing seedlings or vegetables, soil for ficuses and palms is suitable. In any store-bought soil, it is worth adding 2-3 tbsp. spoons of vermiculite in 1 pot with a diameter of 15-20 cm.
Reproduction: By dividing the bush or by rooting side shoots, cut off at the base of the stem. Cuttings root easily in water at any time of the year. The division of the bushes is carried out at the time of transplantation. Do not forget to take a pot commensurate with the root system. Immediately after transplantation, the delenok rheo slows down in growth, for about two weeks. For this time, he needs moderate watering (no dampness) and light shading. Do not transplant and divide bushes in hot weather!