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Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa. There are about 100 species in nature. Krinum is a chic flowering plant that is more suitable for growing in greenhouses and conservatories than in apartments. Not only because the plants are enormous, the main reason is the need for cold wintering. They usually bloom in July - September. During the dormant period, most krinum species do not lose leaves (one or two leaves may turn yellow) and do not tolerate leaf trimming.
- Crinum moorei Crinum moorei is a perennial bulbous plant. The bulb is about 15 cm in diameter (can reach 20 cm), spherical, with a high neck, half immersed in the substrate. The leaves are belt-shaped, light green in color, with a closed sheath forming a false stem. Leaves about 70 cm long. Peduncle up to 50 cm long, umbrella-shaped inflorescence of 6-12 flowers. Bell-shaped perianths, with petals pointed at the end, about 8 cm in diameter, pink or white. Krinum Mura is a deciduous or partly deciduous species. Those. for a dormant period, it can completely lose leaves.
- Crinum Powell Crinum x powellii is a perennial bulbous plant. The bulb is about 20 cm in diameter, spherical in shape, the neck is shorter than that of Moore's krinum, the bulb is immersed in the substrate by half or the lower quarter. Leaves are belt-shaped, light green in color, up to 1 m long, with a closed sheath, forming a rosette. Peduncle up to 1 m long, umbrella-shaped inflorescence of 6-12 flowers. Bell-shaped perianths, with petals pointed at the end, up to 15 cm in diameter, bright pink, red and white.
Krinum is reddish - flowering.
The sizes of the reddish Krinum plant are somewhat smaller than those of Moore's krinum.
Crinum reddish Crinum erubescens - has an oval bulb about 10 cm wide, the neck is not long. Leaves are many, on average 60-80 cm long, 5-7 cm wide, belt-like, slightly rough below the edge. Flowers on very short pedicels or sessile, peduncle 60-80 cm long, each with 4-6 flowers. The flowers themselves are fragrant, the perianth tube is narrow, long, about 10 cm, at first green, gradually turning red. Petals are white, lanceolate, bent back. Blooming in summer
Temperature: during the growing season, the optimum is 17-20 ° C, of course, the usual summer temperature is higher, but with extreme heat it is better to move the pot to a cooler place. During the rest period, they are kept at 10-12 ° C practically dry, the winter minimum is + 8 ° C, and preferably not higher than 15 ° C. Usually, during the rest period, it passes on its own - with a decrease in daylight hours, watering is gradually reduced. The dormant period begins in adult plants that have reached the age of 3-4 years and are ready to bloom, krinums under the age of three years do not need a cold period, they can be kept in winter at 16-18 ° C.
Lighting: bright diffused light. Shade from direct sunlight, but only during the noon hours, morning and evening sun is good for krinum. In the spring, with the beginning of the growing season, they gradually accustom themselves to direct sun, first arranging shading from a mosquito net. The ideal location is the east or northwest window. You can also keep the south or west, but here it is not so much the sun (you can shade it), how much heat is dangerous, so you must definitely open the window (micro-ventilation or even wider, but without a draft).
Watering: plentiful during flowering - the soil should be moist all the time. Avoid waterlogging, crinum, like all amaryllids, is sensitive to excess moisture, it is better to check the soil once again by touch, it should have time to dry out in the upper layer. During the rest period, watering is practically stopped, more precisely, it is watered very rarely so that the fleshy roots do not dry out completely.
Top dressing: once every two weeks with a complex fertilizer for flowering plants, diluted in a concentration recommended by the manufacturer. Top dressing begins as soon as young leaves appear and ends with the withering of the last flowers.
Air humidity: In summer, the leaves are periodically sprayed and wiped with a damp sponge, washing off the dust, checking for pests. In winter, it is necessary by any means to protect the plant from the warm air of the batteries.
Crinum bulb. Note how juicy, fleshy roots it has.
The leaves of the krinum are long, they are easy to injure, it is more correct to tie them to a support.
Crinum moore, or pink lily Crinum moorei Hook
Transplant: Crinums do not like to be disturbed by their roots, therefore, transplantation is carried out as needed - young plants annually, adults about once every 3-4 years, at the end of the dormant period. If the fleshy roots accidentally break off, you need to sprinkle them with crushed coal, and after transplanting, do not water for a day or two. Soil from 2 parts of clay-sod, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand. Add chunks of birch charcoal to the soil. The pot for planting the krinum is chosen so that the roots fit into it without creases, freely.
Reproduction: by daughter bulbs in summer. When separating the bulbs, be careful not to damage the roots. Sections should be treated with crushed charcoal or ground cinnamon. Young plants bloom only for 3-4 years. When planting daughter onions, it is important to choose the right pot size - it should not be too large, otherwise there is a high probability of flooding the plant.