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Family of Lakonosovs. Homeland Central and South America (Southern states of the USA, Chile, Argentina).
Rivina low Rivina humilis is a herb or shrub, about 1.5 m in height, with woody stems. Leaves are alternate, oblong, pointed at the end, slightly wavy, up to 12 cm long, green, pubescent. Inflorescences are axillary racemose, about 10 cm long. The flowers are pinkish-white, about 0.5 cm in diameter, the fruits are bright red berries, similar to bunches of red currants.
In order for the plant to have a more decorative lush look, it is regularly pinched or pruned. This can be done only in early spring (in February-March), as rivina bears fruit on young shoots.
Temperature: Moderate, cool in winter within 18-20 ° С, minimum 12 ° С. In a too hot room in winter and with a lack of lighting, loss of lower leaves can be observed.
Lighting: Bright diffused light with some direct sunlight, an east, west and even south window will do, but with protection from the sun from 11 to 15 hours.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn. The top layer of soil (in the upper third of the pot) should have time to dry out before the next watering. In winter, watering is more limited, after the soil is dry in the top layer, wait another 2-3 days before watering.
Fertilization: From March to August, they are fed every two weeks with liquid fertilizer for indoor plants. Fertika-lux fertilizers, uniflor bud, etc. are suitable.
Air humidity: Regularly sprayed with a fine spray bottle. Rivina loves humid air, so in winter she must be protected from the dry hot air of the batteries. Due to the requirements for air humidity and cool temperatures in winter, rivina is more suitable for growing in greenhouses than apartments.
Transfer: Annually in the spring. Rivina is not demanding on acidity, but prefers loose leafy soils rather than dense clayey soils, does not like too voluminous deep pots. Soil 2 parts sod, 1 part humus, 1 part leafy land and 1 part sand. Good drainage to the bottom of the pot must be done.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings and seeds in the spring. It is better to root the cuttings in a mixture of vermiculite and peat, covered with a cap or bag to maintain high humidity. The rooting stalk must be ventilated 2-3 times a day, shake off the condensation from the bag to avoid decay. The seeds are also sown in a mixture of vermiculite and peat or in leafy soil. It is best to grow seedlings in a room greenhouse, which can be made out of a cake box. I germinate seeds at a temperature of 24-25 ° C. When 2 pairs of true leaves grow, rivina seedlings can be planted in pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm.