Table of contents:
Lamb family. Homeland of the tropics of America. This is a rather delicate and demanding plant that does not tolerate drafts and dry air in rooms, nevertheless it is successfully grown by lovers of indoor plants.
- Selaginella martensii Selaginella martensii is a bush with erect stems, up to 30 cm tall. With age, the stems become lodging and aerial roots appear. The branches are like wai ferns with small thin green leaves. There are varieties with silvery-white stem tips.
- Selaginella scaly Selaginella lepidophylla - a funny plant that can be found on sale dry - is something like a shriveled light ball of dry leaves, but poured and placed in a humid environment, it opens and a small bush with small green leaves is formed.
- On sale you can also find species - Selaginella without legs Selaginella apoda - ampelous, very similar to a fern with light green leaves; Selaginella hooked Selaginella uncinata is a small ampelous plant with bluish stems and leaves; Selaginella Emmeliana Selaginella emmeliana is a small bush with very small leaves, similar to a cypress; Selaginella Krausa Selaginella kraussiana - with creeping stems and filigree yellow-green leaves.
Caring for Selaginella
Temperature: Moderate, it is rather a plant for a cool room - the optimal temperature is 20-21 ° C, it does not tolerate heat above 24-25 ° C, in winter it is even colder than 16-18 ° C, the lower limit is 10-12 ° C. At home, with the heating turned on in winter, Selaginella will survive only to the terrarium in supplementary lighting and preferably with good ventilation.
Lighting: From late winter to August, selaginella prefers a moderately lit place, light partial shade. Grows well on northern windows, on eastern ones. In a too shaded place, the plant will grow poorly and will lose its decorative appeal. For the winter period, many plants in the house do not have enough light, and if you put a pot of selaginella in a mini-plaque, it will grow well under artificial lighting (LED lamps are also suitable). You can put the pot on the south or south-west side for the winter period - in central Russia the sun is completely non-aggressive in winter.
Watering: Abundant in spring and summer, moderate in winter. Water for irrigation is used only soft, if in your area tap water is hard, the content of chlorine or fluorine is increased, even boiling will not improve its qualities, it is better to use bottled melt water. It is believed that selaginella is very hygrophilous, which means that you need to water it after drying the soil in the upper part of the pot.
Fertilizer: In the period from March to August, selaginella is fed every 2 weeks with a complex fertilizer for deciduous plants, the dose is taken half the recommended dose.
Air humidity: Selaginella requires very high air humidity - about 70-80% constantly. It is sprayed several times a day with warm soft water, or placed on a wide tray of water. Selaginella is suitable for growing in bottle gardens and terrariums. According to the conditions of care, it is closest to fittonia, nertera or ficus pumila. All of them require high humidity, but excessive watering does not compensate for its lack!
Transfer: Annually into light, porous soil of slightly acidic reaction. The pot is wide enough, but shallow. The approximate composition of the soil: 1 part of peat land, 1 part of leaf humus, 1 part of sand, 1 part of pine needles or chopped bark. When transplanting, the earth is not compacted and compacted, it should not lose its looseness and let air pass well. Do not forget about the drainage holes at the bottom, which can be covered with a layer of clay shards or pieces of coconut shells.
Reproduction: Selaginella reproduces by dividing a bush with roots, as well as stem cuttings in spring and summer. Rooting only in a greenhouse, with regular ventilation.