Boxwood Buxus

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Boxwood Buxus
Boxwood Buxus
Video: Boxwood Buxus
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The boxwood family. Homeland - Mediterranean countries, Asia, North Africa, Caucasus, Japan. The genus includes about 50 species.

In Russia, boxwood is often grown as a pot crop, and in warmer climates as a hedge.

In addition, boxwood is one of the classic plants for bonsai, for this, boxwood has many advantages: it grows in a small container, easily tolerates pruning, bush well, has small leaves, and is just a useful plant.

Evergreen boxwood Buxus sempervirens is an evergreen slow-growing shrub that grows up to 10 m in nature. Has straight shoots, densely covered with leaves. Leaves are oblong, dull at the end, sessile, dark green in color. The flowers are small, rather inconspicuous, usually unisexual. Male flowers (staminate are collected in loose inflorescences), female - single. Boxwood has a strong smell, which is not felt immediately, but if you rub the leaf with your hand. All parts of the plant contain substances that are poisonous to animals and humans.

Boxwood care

Temperature: Typical room temperature in summer, although boxwood prefers to be outdoors. You can take it out to the balcony when the threat of spring frosts has passed, and it can be brought in in the fall, with the first cold weather. Boxwood should overwinter in cool conditions with limited watering. Optimal in winter is about 5 ° C, in winter about 16-18 ° C, not lower than 12 ° C.

Lighting: Bright diffused light, preferably light sun in the morning or evening. In summer, shade from the direct midday sun is required. In the garden, boxwood is placed in the natural shade of taller shrubs or trees.

boxwood room
boxwood room

Watering: In summer, quite abundant, but after the topsoil dries. In winter, depending on the temperature, it is more lean, after thorough drying of the earth (avoiding complete drying of the earth to a state of dust).

Fertilization: From March to August, every 2 weeks. Fertilizer is suitable for azaleas and rhododendrons.

Air humidity: Responds well to occasional spraying with settled water.

Transfer: Annually into soil with a pH reaction close to neutral. A mixture of 1 part of coniferous soil, 2 parts of leaf land, 1 part of sand (vermiculite, perlite). You can add pieces of birch charcoal. Good drainage is required, the planting container should not be too spacious, otherwise the plant will slow down in growth.

If you bought boxwood from a store, it is most likely planted in a shipping pot and peat soil. One of the reasons for the death of such a plant in the near future after purchase is trauma to the root system. Do not try to dig out the roots and completely rid the plant of old soil, it is better to limit yourself to transshipment into a slightly larger container. If roots are sticking out of the drainage holes (like in the photo), do not try to peel them off. You need to cut them with a sharp knife along the bottom, then get the plant out.

Reproduction: Cuttings and seeds. Cuttings take root long and hard. Cuttings are cut at the end of summer, they should be semi-lignified at the base, no longer than 7 cm and have 2-3 internodes. For rooting, it is recommended to use phytohormones (root, heteroauxin) and soil heating in a room greenhouse.

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