Smithiantha

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Smithiantha
Smithiantha
Video: Smithiantha
Video: Смитианта (Smithiantha) 2023, February
Anonim

The Gesnerian family. Homeland - humid mountain forests of Mexico and Guatemala. There are about 8 species in nature.

Smithiante
Smithiante
  • Smithiantha zebrina is a perennial herb about 50-60 cm tall. Stems are erect, leaves are oppositely located, up to 17 cm long, heart-shaped, serrated along the edge. The leaves are of a beautiful emerald green color with a brown tint along the veins, pubescent. The flowers are large, about 5-7 cm long, collected in racemose inflorescences. The corolla of the flower has the shape of an elongated bell of bright orange color. Blooms from summer to late autumn.
  • Smithiantha hybrida is widespread as a houseplant - there are many forms obtained from the previous species, differing mainly in the smaller size of the bush and the color of the flowers - yellow, orange, pink, etc., as well as in a simpler and lighter leaf pattern.
Smithiante
Smithiante

Caring for Smithiante

Temperature: In summer about 20-25 ° C. Smitiante has a dormant period, it comes with the end of flowering. Leaves, at the same time, the plant loses, the rhizome must be dried directly in the pot and removed to a cool room, where the temperature is about 15-16 ° C. Winter minimum 13 ° C.

Lighting: Smitiante is light-requiring. Requires bright light, shaded from direct sunlight on sunny days in summer.

Watering: From spring to the end of flowering in autumn, the smithianthus is watered abundantly, then, when the leaves die off, watering is stopped and, when kept cool, the rhizome is left in the pot until new shoots appear in the spring, then watering is resumed.

Fertilizers: Regularly from April to October, they are fed with a solution of mineral fertilizers for flowering indoor plants. Top dressing is carried out every two weeks. The fertilizer dose is taken half as much as for ordinary indoor plants. During the dormant period, no additional fertilizing can be carried out.

Air humidity: During the growth and flowering period, the smithian needs very humid air, but does not tolerate the ingress of water on leaves and flowers. Therefore, the air is humidified by frequent spraying around the plant from a fine spray or placing the pot with the plant on a tray with wet pebbles or sphagnum moss.

Transfer: For growing Smithians use fairly wide pots, not large in height. Transplanted annually in the spring. The soil is a mixture of leaf (2 parts), turf (2 parts), coniferous (1 part), peat (1 part), with the addition of coarse river sand, the pH reaction is weakly acidic. You can also use commercial mixtures "Violet" and the like. for Saintpaulias.

Reproduction: By dividing the rhizome. The rhizome must be divided in the spring, with the end of the dormant period (in March). It is cut with a knife and seated in separate pots. Water little by little, in moderation, until the first leaves appear. When the green mass grows, you can increase the watered. When planting, rhizomes are buried into the soil by no more than 3 cm and carefully watered until young leaves appear. And also the smithiante reproduces by leaf cuttings, just like Saintpaulia. A leaf with a petiole is rooted in water.

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