Sprekelia Sprekelia - Species, Care, Growing Problems, Reproduction

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Sprekelia Sprekelia - Species, Care, Growing Problems, Reproduction
Sprekelia Sprekelia - Species, Care, Growing Problems, Reproduction
Video: Sprekelia Sprekelia - Species, Care, Growing Problems, Reproduction
Video: Sprekelia - garden plants 2023, February
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sprekelia
sprekelia

Amaryllis family. The birthplace of sprequelia is the mountainous regions of Mexico and Guatemala. In nature, there is a species - Sprekelia the most beautiful Sprekelia formosissima. Photo by Maja Dumat

The bulb is 5 cm in diameter. Leaves are linear, about 50 cm long, appear in the spring simultaneously with a peduncle bearing 1, rarely 2 flowers. The flowers are zygomorphic, large, 8–10 cm long, almost double-lipped, of bright red tones. The perianth tube is very short; 3 segments are erect, with the apex bent back and scaly outgrowths in the pharynx, 3 segments bent downward. The stamens, collected in a bunch, surround the pistil. The fruit is a capsule bearing numerous flattened seeds surrounded by a narrow wing.

At home, sprekelia (sprekelia) is widespread in gardens, in Europe it has been grown since the 16th century. in greenhouses for cutting.

Varieties:

  • 'Karwinskii' - crimson flowers with white edging;
  • 'Orient Red' - red flowers with white stripes;
  • 'Peru' - dark red flowers;

Synonyms: Amaryllis formosa (Salisb.), Amaryllis formosissima (L.), Amaryllis karwinskii (Zucc.), Sprekelia clintiae (Traub), Sprekelia glauca (Lindl.), Sprekelia heisteri (Trew ex Kunth), Sprekelia L.) Herb.), Sprekelia karwinskii ((Zucc.) M. Roem.), Sprekelia ringens (C. Morren), Sprekelia stenopetala (Lem.), Hippeastrum formosissimum (L.) Loudon.

Authors: Elena Talantova, Irina Migalkina

Sprekelia care

Temperature: During the growing season, the optimum is 25-27 ° C. During the dormant period, after the loss of leaves, sprekelia is kept at 12-13 ° C, at least 10 ° C (in dryness). Since a transplant is still required in the spring, at the end of flowering, the onions need to be dug out, shaken off the ground with a brush and placed in wooden boxes in dry peat, you can use clay pots for storage.

Lighting: Bright, sunny place, shaded in late spring and summer from direct sun. Sprekelia will grow well on east and west windowsills. In the north it is too dark for flowering, in the south it is hot, but you can put the pot near the south window, the shading of the tulle curtain is enough.

Watering: Quite abundant during the growing season, but after the obligatory drying of the upper part of the soil. The soil may remain slightly damp at the back of the pot, but avoid excessive moisture - the bulbs can easily rot.

Fertilizer: Once every two weeks, a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, diluted in a concentration recommended by the manufacturer.

Air humidity: Periodic humidification from a spray bottle if the air humidity is below 40%. Spraying is not required at air humidity above 50%.

Transfer: Annually, it is advisable to use clay pots, tall, but small in diameter. When planting sprekelia, the bulbs must not be completely buried; the upper part must be above the surface. Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part loose leafy soil, 1 part humus, 2 parts fine gravel (very coarse river sand, with a particle size of 3-4 mm). Drainage at the bottom of the pot at least 3 cm.

Reproduction: Daughter bulbs, which are separated during transplantation in the spring. Can be propagated by seed.

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