Table of contents:
Aroid family. Homeland Central and South America, Asia. About 40 species are widespread in nature. These are perennial vines that form aerial roots with which they cling to tree trunks.
- Scindapsus Perakensis Scindapsus perakensis - native to Thailand, Borneo and Sumatra - is a large-leaved vine reaching 3-5 m in length. It is not so easy to find in room culture, but those who have traveled to Thailand may have noticed it. The leaves are elongated-elliptical, pointed at the end, about 15 cm long, 5-7 cm wide, dark green, glossy. Petioles with flat lionfish (5-7 mm wide), 7-8 cm long.
- Scindapsus painted Scindapsus pictus - of all representatives of the genus, this is the most common. Originally from Malaysia. Liana with leathery leaves, ovoid or ovoid-oblong, slightly asymmetric, about 10-15 cm long and 6-8 cm wide. The leaf plate on the upper side is olive green with silvery spots - irregularly shaped stains.
Scindapsus - care and cultivation
Scindapsus care is not difficult regular watering (the soil should not dry out completely or be too damp), loosening the top layer of the earth, pruning too long shoots or tying them to a support, once every 3-4 years rejuvenation of the bushes (cut 8-10 cuttings and plant all together in a pot).
Scindapsus is thermophilic, it grows all year round in normal room conditions, but in winter it can be kept cool, especially if there is a lack of light and there is no possibility of additional lighting, then + 18-20 ° C is the most optimal temperature. Winter minimum 16 ° C.
Bright diffused light, obligatory shading from direct sunlight from midday in spring and summer. Good lighting is required in winter, otherwise the leaves begin to shrink and lose color, so by winter, move the scindapsus closer to the window or arrange additional lighting. Direct sun from October to February does not harm the plant.
Watering and humidity
Abundant in spring and summer - by the next watering, the soil should dry out in the upper third of the pot. In winter, watering is moderate - the soil should have time to dry two-thirds of the pot from above. Scindapsus does not tolerate excessive watering, the roots begin to rot. The optimum air humidity for scindapsus is about 40-50%. Since in winter, during the heating season, it rarely rises above 30%, the plant must be periodically sprayed.
During the period of active growth from March to September, once every two weeks, the scindapsus is fed with fertilizer for decorative leafy plants. You can use fertilizer for aroid or ficus. When growing scindapsus in winter in a warm room with supplementary lighting, the plant can be fed about once a month.
Scindapsus is transplanted into fresh soil annually in February - March. The composition of the substrate: 1 part of leafy soil, 1 part of peat soil, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand (vermiculite). Scindapsus does not tolerate heavy clay soils. It is advisable to add baking powder to the substrate in addition to coarse sand sifted from dust, it can be vermiculite and / or pine bark. If you buy soil at the store, look for coconut substrate (which is in briquettes and swells when wet). You need to take in equal parts a universal soil (for example, Terravita) and a coconut substrate, add another 1 part of vermiculite, a few birch coals (4-5 pieces of 1 cm in 1 liter of soil) to them, and plant scindapsus in this mixture. Be sure to pour high drainage on the bottom of the pot. The root system of the scindapsus is small,therefore, the pot should not be too large.
Cuttings that can be cut at any time of the year, but it is better to do this in the spring. Cuttings usually have aerial roots and are immediately planted in the soil (as described above). If you are cutting cuttings in the fall or winter, it is important that the plant is light. If necessary, you can supplement the illumination with a fluorescent lamp.