Tabernemontana Tabernaemontana

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Tabernemontana Tabernaemontana
Tabernemontana Tabernaemontana
Video: Tabernemontana Tabernaemontana
Video: Табернемонтана/Tabernaemontana, выращивание, правила ухода. 2023, February

Kutrov family. Homeland tropical and subtropical regions of America and Africa (Zimbabwe and Mozambique), about. Madagascar. The genus includes about 25 species, distributed mostly in the coastal zone.

Basically, these are shrubs or small trees, about 4-6 m high (although there are specimens up to 15 m in height) easily flowering throughout the year, and the fruits of Tabernemontana are quite edible, although monkeys and birds feed on them.

It is known that the bark of Tabernemontana (gray-brown, very cracked in some species) is used as a folk remedy for fever (to bring down the temperature), and juice as a remedy for treating wounds.

spread tabernemontana
spread tabernemontana
spread tabernemontana
spread tabernemontana
  • Tabernemontana spread out Tabernaemontana divaricata is an evergreen, well-branched bush-like or tree-like plant, has large glossy, dark green, opposite leaves about 15-20 cm long, oblong, pointed at the end. The transverse veins clearly protrude on the reverse side of the leaf. The branches on the bush are almost horizontal. The flowers are white, the corolla is five-petal, the petals of the flower are slightly curved in a spiral, simple or double. The aroma of flowers is very persistent, reminiscent of the scent of jasmine, especially the aroma intensifies at night. In general, the plant resembles jasmine in appearance, so they are often confused. In fact, these two plants have nothing in common, but the main difference is quite simple - and when a leaf or a stem of Tabernemontana breaks down, milky sap is released, which does not occur in jasmine.The fruit is pod-like, more precisely, like two pot-bellied fused pods, the top is dark green, almost brownish in color, smooth or wrinkled, sometimes in a light speck, and the pulp is orange and juicy.
  • Tabernemontana elegans Tabernaemontana elegans is a slightly smaller species - in nature it is about 3-5 m tall. It is less aromatic, but more unpretentious. Unlike Tabernaemontana divaricata, it is more resistant to direct sunlight and frost.

Tabernemontana care

The main care consists in maintaining the soil in an evenly moist state, without overdrying or waterlogging, periodically loosening the top layer of the soil, as well as pinching and pruning elongated shoots to give the necessary shape and improve branching.

Temperature: Like all kutrovye Tabernemontana is thermophilic, in summer the usual room temperature, in winter not lower than 15 ° С, optimally 18-20 ° С. In summer, the plant can be taken out on an open balcony or in a garden when the threat of nighttime cold snaps has passed. Requires a draft-free location.

Lighting: The plant needs a very bright spot, with some direct sun in the morning or late afternoon. Shading is necessary only at midday in the summer. A light east window is perfect, or a window sill of a west window, if it is slightly shaded from the street by trees. It can be too hot on a south or light west window on hot summer days.

Watering: Tabernemontana is sensitive to waterlogging, watering in summer is moderate: after the soil dries out in the upper part of the pot, water after 2-3 days (in hot weather after 1-2 days). In winter, watering is even stricter - after making sure that the earth is really dry in the depths of the pot, wait a few more days. It is very important to select the soil so that it does not stick together into a monolithic mass, but is easily wetted and dries out quickly. It's good to add coconut shavings (from briquettes) to the soil to improve soil structure and better aeration of the roots. If it suddenly gets colder outside in the summer, the soil in pots can dry out for a very long time and tabernemontana risks root health, so loosen the soil in the pot to a depth of 5-6 cm.

Fertilization: From March to August, every two weeks with fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, for example, Rainbow or Fertika-lux. Try not to exceed the dose of fertilizers, this will lead to a malnutrition, instead of abundant flowering, yellowing of the leaves and oppression of the entire plant will begin. Tabernemontana is very sensitive to iron and potassium deficiencies.

Air humidity: Requires a fairly high air humidity, responds well to spraying. There is a small rule - it is better to spray once more than to water!

Change: In the spring every year. The soil should be loose and water permeable. As you know, Tabernemontana is quite patient with the acidity of the soil, in nature it grows both on slightly alkaline and slightly acidic soils, on loam and sand. In room conditions, the following mixture is suitable: 1 part of peat, 1 part of leafy earth, 1 part of humus, 1 part of sand, 1 part of perlite (or vermiculite). Drainage is required. You can use purchased peat-based land with a pH close to a neutral or slightly acidic reaction, and be sure to dilute it with vermiculite and sand, you can also use fine expanded clay (about 2-3 mm). Do not use dense clay soil that sticks together after watering in a solid monolithic lump.

Reproduction: Cuttings and seeds that germinate with soil heating in wide bowls covered with glass or a bag. Seeding depth approx. 10 mm. Soil for seeds - peat in half with sand, sterilization is required. Care is usual: spraying, watering with boiled water and airing 2-3 times a day.

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