Streptocarpus Streptocarpus

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Streptocarpus Streptocarpus
Streptocarpus Streptocarpus
Anonim

The Gesnerian family. Homeland South America. This plant is very similar to gloxinia, but blooms much longer (all summer), does not have tubers.

Streptocarpus Rex Streptocarpus rexii is a herb with a rosette of oblong leaves. Leaves with a jagged edge, pubescent, green. Flowers on tall stalks about 2.5 cm in diameter. Corolla of a funnel-shaped flower, five-petal, light purple with purple stripes. Streptocarpus Rex became the original species in the development of new hybrid varieties that are distinguished by brighter flower colors - pink, red, blue, lilac or pure white. Almost all the plants in the store are hybrid streptocarpus, in which only the name of the variety is mentioned.

Streptocarpus varieties

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

Streptokarpusy grade 'Orchid Lace'

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

streptokarpusy variety 'Bristol's Nightfall'

streptocarpus series bristol
streptocarpus series bristol

streptokarpusy variety 'Bristol's Party Girl'

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

streptokarpusy grade 'Iced Texas Twillight'

streptocarpus varietal
streptocarpus varietal

streptokarpusy grade 'Roulette sherry'

streptocarpus queen
streptocarpus queen

streptokarpusy grade 'Gwen'

streptocarpus bristol
streptocarpus bristol

streptokarpusy variety 'Bristol's Hot Rod'

streptocarpus feathers on ice
streptocarpus feathers on ice

streptokarpusy grade 'Feathers on Ice '

streptocarpus shooting star
streptocarpus shooting star

Streptocarpus cultivar' Falling Stars'

streptocarpus mystic
streptocarpus mystic

Streptocarpus cultivar 'DS-Mystica'

streptocarpus samba
streptocarpus samba

Streptocarpus cultivar 'Samba'

streptocarpus spring dreams
streptocarpus spring dreams

Streptocarpus cultivar 'Spring Dreams'

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

Streptocarpus cultivar' Lady Slippers Pinot '

harlequin lace streptocarpus
harlequin lace streptocarpus

Streptocarpus cultivar' Harlequin Lace '

streptocarpus seren
streptocarpus seren

Streptocarpus cultivar' Seren 'cultivar

Streptocarpus is afraid of drafts and cold air in winter. For successful flowering, it is important to comply with all conditions of detention.

Streptocarpus care

Temperature: Streptocarpus are quite unpretentious in terms of temperature, in summer they grow under normal conditions, which is dictated by the weather - optimal for growth and flowering is 22-25 ° C. Intense heat, above 28 ° C, can cause wilting of plants and inhibit flowering. In winter, the temperature is determined by the possibility of lighting - if there are southern windows or good lamps for supplementary lighting, streps will grow well with them all winter and bloom periodically. If the windows are dark and there is no way to supplement the Gesneria in winter, you need to find a cool place, where it is about 13-14 ° C, but not lower than 12 ° C, and where the plants can survive until February-March.

In a dark room at high temperatures in winter, the plants stretch very much, the leaves turn from dark green to pale or yellow-green. There is an option to cut the bushes in the spring - young healthy shoots with the March sun will spawn, but after a couple of such winters the plant is severely depleted and eventually degenerates completely, it will die from any violation - excessive watering, overdrying, draft, etc.

Lighting: Streptocarpus likes bright, diffused light, shaded from direct sunlight in summer. The best place for this plant is east or west windows. In nature, streptocarpus grow in open woodlands under the openwork shade of trees or shrubs, and even in crevices between rocks, and, as a rule, receive at least 4 hours of sun in the morning or evening.

Watering: Uniform throughout the year. Water for irrigation should be soft, filtered. In summer they water abundantly, letting the earth dry out, in winter they reduce watering, since due to a decrease in illumination, plant growth slows down. Remember to keep the soil dry between waterings - streptocarpus are prone to root rot. It may be worth using watering from the pallet, but you need to set it up in such a way that the top layer of the earth does not get wet at all, moisture does not get into the center of the outlet. At the same time, never allow the plant to be in the water, drain the excess from the pallet as soon as part of the water is absorbed. Keep the soil dry enough between waterings. If in doubt, touch the ground with your finger - for the next watering at a depth of 3-4 cm it is dry - it's time to water (provided that the temperature is above 18 ° C).

If you are just starting to grow Streptocarpus and Gesneriaceae, another method of watering may be advised. Water the soil from above, but not from a jug or watering can, but from a bottle with a thin tip (a hole in the cork and a tube from a gel rod or dropper), while pouring water slowly, closer to the edge of the pot, so that a layer of earth from the root part in diameter 5 -7 cm remained dry.

Air humidity: Streptocarpus leaves do not like water to get on them, but at the same time, this plant loves humid air, below 40% is generally unacceptable for it. Therefore, it is periodically necessary to spray the air around the plant from a fine spray bottle. But this is a temporary measure - for a couple of days of summer heat. During the heating season in winter, when the hair sticks out on the head from static electricity (humidity less than 30%), only a humidifier can save, or such drastic measures as moisturizing curtains and curtains and hanging the battery with a damp sheet. But you will have to wet the fabrics 2-3 times a day. Another way - plant pots should be placed on wide trays with moist sphagnum moss.

Transfer: Annually in the spring. Choose a pot or container not very deep, rather wide, because the roots grow wider. Soil for planting streptocarpus:

  • 2 parts of peat, 1 part of perlite (vermiculite), 2 parts of fine gravel (particles of 2-3 mm in size), additionally 2 flat tablespoons of lime per liter of soil.
  • 2 parts store soil (seedlings, vegetables, floral), 1 part coconut fiber, 1/2 part sphagnum moss.

Top dressing: After transplanting, after 1.5 months, you can feed every week using fertilizers with a high proportion of Potassium, a small amount of Nitrogen. Fertilizer dilute a quarter of the recommended dose. When choosing fertilizers, keep in mind that Gesneriaceae need not only macronutrients (NPK), but also other minerals - they need sulfur, magnesium, calcium, boron, i.e. we are only interested in complex fertilizers, perhaps special for Saintpaulias, which need to be diluted in half with weekly use, and in the usual dose when feeding once every two weeks.

To avoid nutrient imbalances, excessive salinization of the soil, overfeeding with fertilizers, we recommend flushing the soil of streptocarpus once a month: Put the pots in the bath and water the plants so abundantly that the water drains from the drainage holes until it is light. Then thoroughly dry the soil for the next watering.

Reproduction

Gesneriae are propagated by dividing the bush during transplantation, by seeds, leaf, part of the leaf.

streptocarpus from seed
streptocarpus from seed

It is easier to plant such malyavok not with tweezers, but with a toothpick.

leaf streptocarpus
leaf streptocarpus

Sterilize the soil for planting, and dust the leaf cuts with ground cinnamon.

  • The easiest way to get some wonderful straps is this: you got a cut leaf, put it on a board, cut off the petiole and cut out the central vein. You will end up with two halves of a sheet. They need to be thrust into a mixture of peat and vermiculite (taken in equal parts) with the cut down - like slices of bread in a toaster, to a depth of 10 mm. This method is called the "toaster method" - it was invented by the American breeder Ralph Robinson.
  • But you can simply cut off a small leaf from the mother bush and put it in a glass in clean water for rooting. The difference is that from a leaf you can get a dozen miniature streps rosettes, and from a leaf with a petiole - one bush.

An important condition for vegetative reproduction is high air humidity and sufficient light. Therefore, it is better to root the leaves in a mini-greenhouse or put a container with multiplies on a pallet and cover with wet sphagnum moss. Growing young rosettes require more moisture than adult plants, since the exchange in tissues is more intense. But pouring the soil before the reproduction of blue-green algae is also not worth it. Always sterilize the planting medium to prevent plants from being damaged by blackleg or other rot, and use pieces of birch charcoal when replanting large plants.

By the way, when the rosettes of young streptocarpus grow up, they need to be planted in small pots, 5 cm in diameter, or peat peat tablets, after soaking them.

Streptocarpus from seed

Personal experience, Veta:

Sowed in spring, at the end of March. They sprouted for a very long time, almost a month, then I almost threw them away - it seemed that some small algae appeared there, it turned out - shoots. We were in this state for another month and a half, and when I completely lost interest and trust in them, they suddenly began to grow. At the beginning of July, I put them in separate apartments, gave the extra ones, left two for myself. Now one is feeling very well, while the other is clearly not feeling well, I'm afraid - I caught a cold, he was under my window. Now moved to a warmer place.

Photos of our florists are used here: sharlota, barsuchok, OlgJ, Elena Beautiful, tamaravn, etc.

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

cultivar 'Iced Pink Flamingo'

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

cultivar 'Salmon Sunset blossom'

streptocarpus blueberry butterfly
streptocarpus blueberry butterfly

cultivar 'Blueberry Butterfly'

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

cultivar 'Fire n' Ice blossom '

burgundy streptocarpus
burgundy streptocarpus

cultivar' Purple Pepper '

streptocarpus princess
streptocarpus princess

cultivar' Princesse '

Streptocarpus pink Leila
Streptocarpus pink Leila

cultivar' Pink Leyla '

streptocarpus
streptocarpus

cultivar' Bristol's Psychedelic Sun '

streptocarpus escada magnetism
streptocarpus escada magnetism

cultivar' Escada Magnetism '

streptocarpus targa
streptocarpus targa

cultivar 'Targa'

streptocarpus white
streptocarpus white

cultivar 'Cape Primrose'

streptocarpus pink
streptocarpus pink

cultivar 'Bristol's Sunset'

streptocarpus blue
streptocarpus blue

cultivar 'Bristols Party Girl'

streptocarpus blue with yellow
streptocarpus blue with yellow

cultivar 'Harlequin Blue'

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