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Aizoon family. Homeland South Africa. In nature, these are 36 species of leafy succulents growing in groups in arid regions. All of them have a shortened stem, short fleshy roots, about 3 pairs of thick succulent leaves, usually arranged crosswise. They have either tubercles or long hair-like teeth along the edge of the leaf. They bloom in rather large flowers of various shades of yellow.
- Faucaria tiger Faucaria tigrina - has ovoid-rhombic leaves, up to 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, triangular at the end. Leaves are gray-green in color with small white blotches that form stripes. The leaf contains 9-10 pairs of hair-like teeth bent back. The flowers are golden, up to 5 cm in diameter.
- Wolf Faucaria Faucaria lupina - has lanceolate leaves, about 4-5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, triangular at the end. The leaves on the upper side are bright green, rough, with 3-5 pairs of hair-like teeth, curved back. Flowers are yellow, about 3 cm in diameter, appear in mid-summer.
- Faucaria tuberous Faucaria tuberculosa - has leaves of a rhombic or triangular shape, up to 2 cm long and 1.5 cm wide. Leaves are dark green in color, with serrated tubercles along the edge. Flowers are yellow, about 4 cm in diameter.
Temperature: moderate, on average 22-24 ° C during the day, 18-20 ° C at night. In summer it is better to keep outdoors, gradually accustoming to the sun. In winter, the dormant period at a temperature of 5-6 ° C, not less than 4 ° C, not higher than 10 ° C, with a dry content.
Lighting: Full sunlight all the time. It will be too dark on north-facing windows, especially from the second half of summer, but with correct supplementary lighting (LED, fluorescent lamps at a distance of 10 cm from the leaves) the plants will develop normally.
Watering: moderate during the growing season. Watered very carefully, roots quickly rot from excess water. In the fall, a dormant period begins, while the leaves shrivel and seem to dry out. During the rest period, watering is stopped altogether.
Top dressing: only if the plant has not been transplanted, in the period from March to July. Fertilizer is taken in half the dose recommended by the manufacturer and applied with water for irrigation once a month.
Air humidity: Faucaria tolerates dry air well; in winter, during the dormant period, it is kept in cool conditions with minimal air humidity.
Transfer: faucarias usually after 2 years, young plants from seeds annually. Planting pots should be wide and not deep, with a high drainage layer. Soil ^ 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of fine gravel. You can use a commercial succulent potting mix. After transplanting, in order to avoid decay of the roots, they are watered only after 2 weeks.
Reproduction: seeds in early spring or dried cuttings in summer. The seeds are sown in the spring, in a mixture of coarse sand and peat sifted from dust, in equal proportions (you can use the universal soil mixture "Terra Vita" or "Violet". The seeds are small, so they are not sprinkled with earth, but slightly tapped a bowl and they are slightly lowered The soil is kept constantly slightly moist, preventing the appearance of "greenery" (green algae appear from high humidity) and regularly ventilated (2-3 times a day for half an hour). If the soil dries out too long, the seedlings freeze for a long time in growth, therefore maintain an evenly moist soil, allowing it to dry out for no more than a few hours.