Table of contents:
Myrtle family. Homeland - South America. 3 types of Akka have official status.
Feijoa known to flower growers, lovers of fruit exoticism, has the botanical name Akka Sellova Acca sellowiana (an obsolete synonym of Feijoa Zellova Feijoa sellowiana) is an evergreen tree or shrub that grows up to 4-6 meters in natural conditions. The leaves are opposite, oval, dense and leathery. Gray-green on the upper side, silvery on the back. Flowers on long pedicels are single or collected in rare axillary inflorescences, not large, about 3-4 cm in diameter. The flower has 4 petals, rather dense, strongly bent back, red inside, white outside. Numerous long stamens stick out beautifully from the center of the flower. Filaments are red, anthers are bright yellow. That makes the flowers very effective. The fruit is an edible berry with small seeds.
Feijoa at home
Temperature: Like all myrtle, it needs moderate temperatures, does not like extreme heat. In winter it prefers 12-15 ° C, at least 10 ° C.
Lighting: Feijoa is a light-loving plant that grows well on western and eastern windows. On the south window in the summer you will need shading in the form of a mosquito net. If trees grow from the side of the street, then shading is not required.
Watering: Abundant from spring to fall, but avoid excessive moisture. Feijoa, like all myrtle, does not tolerate dry land and waterlogging. Therefore, after watering, dry the top layer of the earth (in the depths the earth should remain only slightly damp). In the fall and winter, water so that the soil does not dry out completely. Those. after the top layer of the earth dries out, wait 3-4 days before the next watering. In myrtle leaves, some wilting of leaves is allowed when dried. After watering, the turgor is restored. But this is permissible only in the temperate temperature zone. In the heat, the earth dries out very quickly and the plant may die from drying out. It is best to use warm, soft water when watering.
Top dressing: from March to August, feijoa is fed with complex fertilizer for indoor plants. Top dressing every two weeks.
Air humidity: although feijoa is considered a plant resistant to dry air, in hot summer and winter, if it is not possible to keep the plant in a cool room, spraying is necessary. To make the plant feel good, develop and bear fruit, spray it once a day with warm soft water.
Transfer: annually in February - March. Feijoa does not tolerate alkaline soil and does not tolerate root damage. Composition: 2-3 parts of turf, 1 part of leafy soil, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of sand. Make sure to drain well. For better soil loosening, you can add a handful of chopped pine bark to the pot.
Reproduction: cuttings and seeds. Semi-lignified cuttings are cut at the end of spring, they take root very difficult, it is desirable to use phytohormones. Fruiting of feijoa grown from cuttings usually begins at 3-4 years of age. In plants grown from seeds from 5 years of age.
Maintaining shape: the feijoa has a rather convenient form of the tree for the formation of potensai - in nature it grows very sprawling, forms many shoots, is easily formed by pruning and pinching. In room culture, it is recommended to pinch the top of the shoot at a height of about 15 cm in a plant grown from a cuttings or seeds. Then, on new branches during the summer, pinch the ends of the shoots again. Older plants in summer, under favorable conditions, can bloom on the shoots of the current year, so they can only be cut in autumn. Feijoa from cuttings blooms for 2-3 years, from seeds - for 5-6 years.