Table of contents:
Kutrovy family, subfamily of lastovae. Homeland South and East Africa (Angola, Namibia). There are about a dozen species in nature.
These are caudex plants with various forms of thickening in the lower part of the trunk. In some plants, caudex grows spherically and reaches more than a meter in diameter, in others it stretches like a bottle. The stems are rather thin, over time, woody from the bottom and long, require a garter. At the break of shoots or a cut of caudex, milky juice is released, like in euphorbia, containing rubber. The leaves are opposite, on short petioles, dense, bright green, oval, pointed at the end, wavy (in almost all species, and in Fockea curly Fockea crispa - strongly corrugated), with a pronounced central vein. The flowers are small, only up to 1.5 cm, fragrant. The fruit is a gray-green pod.
Temperature: in summer, normal room temperature, they tolerate heat well, but spider mites may appear on the leaves. Fokee requires a rest period when kept dry at temperatures of 8-10 ° C. Some species of fockeys lose leaves during dormancy.
Lighting: needs a very bright location, on a south window. Shading is required only for caudex on hot sunny days in summer (otherwise it will dry out and cracks will form). In nature, fockies grow in full sun and under the cover of shrubs and trees.
Watering: watering is moderate, the soil should have time to dry thoroughly. In winter, with a lack of light and with a decrease in temperature, watering is almost stopped (a little once a month).
Air humidity: responds well to regular spraying of leaves (water should not flow down the caudex). If the size of the plant allows, then you can wash the leaves under the shower once a week, protecting the earth and caudex from moisture.
Top dressing: carried out during the growth period from March to August every 2-3 weeks. Use fertilizer for cacti. You can take fertilizers for other indoor plants, for example, Kemiru-Lux, but dilute in half the recommended dose.
Transplant: in spring every year, while the lower part of the caudex is added dropwise. Fokeya prefers well-drained, loose, moisture-permeable soil, with an acidity close to neutral or slightly alkaline. You can take purchased soil for cacti, add fine expanded clay or gravel, and sand. When compiling the soil, coconut fiber is also used, instead of purchased land - leaf humus, vermiculite, pieces of charcoal.
Reproduction: Caudex forms of fokea reproduce only by seeds. Rooting of cuttings is possible, but the plant will not have caudex.