Freesia At Home

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Freesia At Home
Freesia At Home
Video: Freesia At Home
Video: Цветок Фрезия Посадка луковиц 2023, February
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Freesia
Freesia

Family of iris (iris). Homeland South America, Cape province, hence the name - 'Cape lily of the valley'. In nature, there are about 20 species of ornamental flowering bulbous plants. The genus is named after the German physician Friedrich Vries.

As a potted plant, Freesia hybrida is grown - a plant about 50-60 cm tall, with narrow linear leaves about 20 cm long and 2 cm wide. Inflorescences on a long peduncle, bears about a dozen flowers. The flowers are funnel-shaped, very fragrant, about 6 cm in diameter. The color of flowers can be very diverse: all shades of yellow, red, lilac, purple, white. To maintain their shape, freesia leaves need a garter to the support, otherwise they hang, break and the bush does not look attractive.

Freesia care

Temperature and care: during the growing season within 20-25 ° C. When the plant has faded, the dry peduncle is cut off. The leaves begin to wither and die off, at this time they reduce watering, only occasionally moistening the soil, and for 1-2 months they continue to keep in a warm and dry place, at this moment new bulbs are formed. The bulbs are then removed from the ground and stored at about 15 ° C until planting (but not in the refrigerator or cellar).

Freesia
Freesia

Lighting: bright sunlight, no shading required. If there is little light, freesias grow frail, bloom reluctantly or do not bloom at all.

Watering: abundant during flowering and moderate at the time of bulb germination. Avoid excessive moisture, the bulbs can easily rot. That is, it is necessary to water after the soil in the upper part of the pot dries out. To protect the plants from waterlogging, you need to use not ordinary garden soil, but make up a potting soil of increased porosity, and pour high drainage at the bottom of the pot.

Top dressing: during the period of growth, budding and flowering, every two weeks. Fertilizers are suitable, for example, Fertika-lux or Agricola for flowering, Merry flower girl, etc.

Air humidity: loves humid air, regular spraying is required, especially on hot days in summer (after spraying, shading is necessary so that the plant does not get burned).

Reproduction: seeds and bulbs. Seeds are sown in a loose peat mixture in March-April, in this case flowering occurs in autumn, seeds sprout within 10-15 days. The bulbs are planted in April, completely buried in the ground (depth about 5-6 cm if the ground is dense and deeper if light).

Since freesia propagates easily, seeds and bulbs can be planted all year round. The main condition for successful growth and flowering is a lot of light.

Soil: you can use a commercial mixture for bulbous, or prepare it yourself from equal parts of leafy earth, humus, peat and fine gravel (2-3 mm). Drainage to the bottom is required, but also make sure that the drain holes are not clogged with expanded clay or earth. The freesia pot should be very wide, but not too deep.

At home, freesias can experience problems in closed, poorly and rarely ventilated rooms, if, for example, on a hot day you forget to open a window, the plants can overheat and suffocate - the leaves quickly turn yellow. Therefore, when the weather is sunny, leave the windows ajar, and water freesias in the morning.

The second problem is a cold snap from the second half of summer, when the nights are cold enough, try to check the soil before watering to make sure it is dry.

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