Fittonia Home Care

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Fittonia Home Care
Fittonia Home Care
Video: Fittonia Home Care
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Family of acanthus. Homeland South America. There are only two species in nature. Fittonia grows in warm and humid conditions, so it turns out to be a rather difficult and capricious plant for the house. It is best to grow Fittonia in a terrarium. In spring, in favorable conditions, it can bloom, but its nondescript yellowish flowers are not decorative.

Fittonia white-veined Fittonia albivenis (obsolete, synonym Fittonia silver-veined Fittonia argyroneura) is a medium-sized herb with erect stems. Leaves are oval, light green, slightly bent back, with silvery-white veins. There are large-leaved varieties with leaves about 10 cm long, there are small-leaved ones with leaves about 2.5 cm.Color variations: from thin white veins, to an almost completely silvery surface, leaves can be painted red or brick in color, with white or yellowish venation

white-cord fittonia
white-cord fittonia

Fittonia albivenis Fittonia white-cord

white-cord fittonia
white-cord fittonia

Fittonia albivenis Fittonia white-cord

fittonia perseus
fittonia perseus

Fittonia Perseus Fittonia pearcei

Fittonia
Fittonia

Fittonia albivenis Fittonia white-cord

Fittonia giant Fittonia gigantea - erect stems up to 55-60 cm long, lignify over time. The leaves are almost heart-shaped, the upper ones are up to 10 cm long, the lower ones are up to 17 cm long and about 14 cm wide, dark green in color (with a slightly brown or purple tint) with a network of thin reddish veins. The flowers are dark pink with a yellow spot on the corolla. It is very rare in culture, mainly among collectors and big lovers of acanthus

Fittonia Perseus Vershaffelt variation Fittonia pearcei var. verschaffeltii - has creeping, highly branching stems, about 10 cm tall. The stems are pubescent, at a young age with silvery gray hairs, turning green with age. Leaves are oval, about 10 cm long, glabrous or slightly pubescent, dark green, covered with a network of bright red veins. The flowers are small, yellow, covered with bracts on top, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences.

Fittonia Perseus is still unanimously not officially accepted by scientists as a separate species, it is considered as a variation of Fittonia white-necked. Therefore, the first two types have official status. However, the white-veined one still has white or silvery veins, and the Perseus only have red ones, which casts doubt on its belonging to Fittonia albivenis.

Fittonia care

Temperature: Fittonia is thermophilic, the temperature should not fall below 17 ° C. In summer, it is optimal 20-25 ° C, in winter 18-20 ° C, but it grows well in normal home conditions, during the heating season, provided that there is enough light. Fittonia does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature. It does not tolerate heat above 32 ° C, especially if the soil in the pot dries out quickly.

Lighting: partial shade, in bright light, as well as in a too dark place, the color of the leaves fades. Protect from direct sunlight between 11 am and 4 pm. In winter, plants should not be placed close to window panes. The eastern, northern or northwestern windowsill are best suited for growing Fittonia. It can also grow fully under artificial light.

Watering: plentiful in summer, the soil should be slightly moist all the time (time to dry out in the upper layer of the pot), in winter watering is more moderate, but the soil should not dry out completely. You need to water Fittonia only with soft water.

Top dressing: from April to August with liquid fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants every two weeks. Fittonia is sensitive to excess or overfeeding of fertilizers, therefore, the dose of fertilizer is taken 2-3 times less than recommended for other plants.

Air humidity: likes humid air, optimally 70-80%. Regular spraying of the leaves is necessary (only with very soft water). The pot is placed on a tray with damp moss or peat.

Transfer: annually in spring in loose, light soil, consisting of 1 part leafy soil, 1 part heather (or coniferous), 1/2 part peat, 1/2 sand. Fittonias are planted in loose soil, which does not cake, does not stick together (does not contain clay). Another version of the soil mixture: 1 part coconut substrate (in briquettes), 1 part garden soil, 1 part pine bark, 1/2 part sand.

The acidity (pH) of the soil is slightly acidic. Does not tolerate the fittonia of alkaline soils, and even neutral ones. A pot for fittonia is chosen shallow, but wide, since the roots of this plant are superficial. Incidentally, this is an excellent crop for hydroponic cultivation.

Reproduction: Fittonia easily propagates by cuttings, dividing the bush, layering. Cuttings are best cut in spring or summer, although Fittonia takes root well at any time of the year, for further growth you need very good diffused lighting. Therefore, if you cut the cuttings in the fall or winter, choose the brightest place for the rooted plants. Just put the twigs in water, the roots will appear within 4-5 days. You can plant in pots when they grow 2-3 cm.

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