Hirita Chirita

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Hirita Chirita
Hirita Chirita
Video: Hirita Chirita
Video: Примулины, Хириты / Primulina, Chirita 2023, February

Family Gesneriaceae. Homeland - mainly Sri Lanka, India, the Himalayas, occasionally found on the islands of Sumatra, Java and Borneo. In nature, there are about 150 species, these are perennial and annual grasses, perennial stemless rosettes, or miniature grasses with only one or two leaves.

Many species are grown as indoor plants, as decorative deciduous and decorative flowering plants, and have appeared on the flower market quite recently.

Hirita Chinese Chirita sinensis - originally from China, belongs to Gibbosakus. Herbaceous plant, about 15 cm high, forming a dense rosette of leaves. Leaves are oval, pointed at the end, up to 10 cm long, on short petioles, bright green with a silvery pattern, covered with light hairs, serrated along the edge. The flowers are purple, about 4 cm in diameter. This type of chirit is grown on substrates for Saintpaulias, grows on neutral or slightly calcareous soils

  • Khirita lavender Chirita lavandulacea - originally from the Malay archipelago, belongs to microchirits. An annual herb. up to 40-50 cm high, with an erect pubescent stem. Leaves are elliptical, opposite, dense, light green with pronounced venation. Basal leaves are noticeably larger. Flowers 2-3 cm in diameter, five-petal tube violet-blue (lavender). The fruit is a box about 5 cm long. After flowering and receiving seeds, the plant usually dies, so it multiplies by seeds.
  • Hirita Tamiana Chirita tamiana - originally from northern Vietnam, belongs to Gibbosakus. Miniature rosettes reminiscent of Saintpaulias. Leaves are rounded or obovate, pointed at the end, dense, fleshy, strongly pubescent. Peduncles up to 20 cm tall, rise above the rosette, bear about 7 flowers. The corolla of the flower is bell-shaped, white, with lilac spots in the pharynx. It does not have a pronounced rest period, the plant is thermophilic, but does not like hot dry periods in summer. Under favorable conditions (uniform temperature and light) it blooms for a long time.

Hirita - care and cultivation

Temperature: moderate, cool in winter, with reduced watering, from 15 to 18 ° C. Although in nature many species overwinter at lower temperatures from 0 to 5 ° C, with room maintenance there is no need for such a winter for chiritis.

Lighting: bright, diffused light, as for Saintpaulias. Need shading from the sun in the spring and summer. Supplementary lighting may be needed in autumn and winter. Khirit will grow well on northeastern or northwestern windowsills. On the east or west, it is too light and hot, you need to hang a light tulle mesh on the glass. South and north windows are not suitable (on the north one can be supplemented with lighting).

Watering: moderate in summer, the soil should have time to dry well. Khirits tolerate overdrying more easily than overmoistening. In winter, depending on the temperature, watered little by little, slightly wetting the ground. It is not just excessive moisture that is dangerous, but cold damp earth.

Top dressing: from April to September with complex mineral fertilizer for Saintpaulias. Plants are sensitive to excessive fertilization. Khirit, transplanted into fresh soil, do not feed for two months.

Air humidity: Khirit like relatively humid air, optimally about 50%. They do not require spraying, but suffer from dryness in the winter near the central heating radiators, and on hot days in the summer. Humidify the air around the plants by placing the pot on a tray of damp peat or moss.

Transfer: as needed in the spring. It is advisable to know to which subgenus a particular type of chirit belongs, for example, many species of chirit of the subgenus gibbosakus grow on rocky slopes and rocks, often on limestones. But, in general, you can use soil for violets, or make a mixture yourself 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf (or peat) and 1 part of coarse river sand. The pot for hirit also depends on the species, but the hirit do not like too much capacity. Start with a small pot and transplant into a larger one as you grow. The pots should not be too deep, but rather wide. All hirit are planted in well-drained soil.

Reproduction of Hirita

Chirit is propagated by seeds, leafy cuttings, leaf parts and stepchildren, as well as Saintpaulia. Cuttings are placed on rooting in water or vermiculite in a room greenhouse.

Seeds are mainly propagated by annual khirit. Seeds are sown in March, in wide bowls, in a mixture of peat and sand. The seeds are not buried in the ground, moistened with a spray bottle, and covered with glass (or film). The optimum temperature for seed germination is 24-26 ° C, for this you can put the dish on the battery (on a folded towel). Seedlings should appear in 2 weeks. During this time, the glass must be slightly opened for ventilation. For young seedlings, the main threat is waterlogging, therefore, with the emergence of seedlings, the glass or film is removed, watering is carried out from a syringe. The grown hirita are transplanted into small pots, using a spoon, taking care not to damage the roots and leaves.

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