Table of contents:
Family of cactus. Homeland - Brazil. This is a close relative of the Schlumberger. In nature, there are only 4 types of these succulent epiphytes. Hatiora is often confused with the Decembrist (Schlumberger). However, it can be easily distinguished by the structure of the flower - it has a radially symmetrical shape with a short and not curved flower tube. Schlumberger has a zygomorphic flower with a curved flower tube. In addition, in the hatior, the segments are more rounded and often have a reddish tint.
Hatiora Gärtner Hatiora gaertneri blooms with bright red flowers, Hatiora Gresera Hatiora graeseri - red outside and pink on the inside flowers, Hatiora pink Hatiora rosea - can have flowers of various shades from pink to purple.
Hatiora salicorniform Hatiora salicornioides is completely different from other species, it consists of numerous branches, drooping over time, with clavate segments about 0.5-1 cm thick and up to 3 cm long. It seems that the plant consists of small sticks. Flowering can be very abundant, at this time the plant is covered with dozens of small yellow flowers that form at the ends of the shoots. The plant may need support over the years, to give the shape of a tree, the stems woody with age, and are slightly bare at the bottom.
Temperature: In summer, it is optimal about 22-24 ° C, on hot days, the pot with the hatiora should be moved to a shaded place. In winter, a dormant period at a temperature not exceeding 15 ° C, and with a completely dry content. After flowering, the hatiore also needs a dormant period, which lasts until the end of May, while watering is limited, and the content is cool. Winter minimum 10 ° C.
Lighting: Hatiora prefers a bright place, light partial shade, i.e. she definitely needs shading from direct sunlight at midday. Grows well in the northwest and east window.
Watering: With the appearance of buds, until the end of flowering, they are watered abundantly enough - after the top layer of the earth has dried (about half the depth of the pot). In winter, water is rarely and carefully, after complete drying of the soil in a pot.
Fertilizer: Plants are fed three to four weeks after transplanting (at the beginning of summer, after the end of flowering) with a special complex fertilizer for cacti, do not feed during the dormant period.
Air humidity: Periodic spraying for hygienic purposes (rinse off dust). Forest cacti are resistant to dry air.
Transfer: The hathiora is transplanted after flowering - at the end of February. The planting container is spacious - wide but not deep. Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part leaf, 1 part sand and brick chips or very fine ceramite. Good drainage is a must. You can use a commercial cactus potting mix.
Reproduction: Cuttings with 2-3 segments. After cutting, the cuttings are slightly dried and placed, without burying them on wet soil. You can close it with a glass jar on top, remembering to periodically ventilate.
Problems of growing hatiors:
Hatiora does not tolerate excessive watering: the leaves turn pale, become lethargic. Sometimes a massive leaf fall begins - segments fall off.
Hatiora does not like bright sunlight, this is a forest cactus, it grows in light (openwork) partial shade - from excess light, the segments of the leaves turn red, become soft, burns can form - dry gray-brown spots in the center of the leaf.
Hatiora needs a rest period in winter at 16-18 ° C. Under normal maintenance, it will not die, but it does not bloom, or blooms very weakly. If it is dark and hot in winter, the stems are exposed from below, an ugly corking appears, and the decorative appearance is lost.