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Kutrovy family, subfamily of lastovae. Homeland India, South China, Australia and the Pacific Islands. In nature there are 200-300 species, mainly flowering lianas or dwarf shrubs. Many of them are epiphytes, some grow on the ground, sometimes in rocky areas. Hoi has a huge variety of colors - from pure white to all kinds of shades of pink, yellow, orange, red. There are dark purple, almost black flowers or green. The flowers have a sweet scent and produce abundant nectar, attracting pollinating insects (butterflies, flies, ants).
- The most common type is Hoya fleshy Hoya carnosa or waxy ivy - a climbing liana. Its stems can reach up to 6 m in length if not cut. Moreover, in spring, with the onset of warm sunny days, the growth of the hoya is very fast, and literally in a week the shoots grow a meter in length. The leaves on the stems are opposite, fleshy, oval, obtuse or pointed at the end, dark green, about 6-8 cm long. Waxy whitish streaks appear on the upper side of the leaf. The flowers are fragrant, numerous, in umbellate inflorescences. Blooms in spring and summer. There are many varieties that differ in the color of the corolla.
Fleshy hoya is a unique plant, it is extremely unpretentious. Not a single houseplant can compare with it in terms of endurance: it continues to grow in very shaded places, it will not bloom, but it does not lose leaves either; able to tolerate severe dryness; will survive the absence of a cool wintering; not picky about soils.
Hoya lanceolate Hoya lanceolata is a small, highly branched shrub. The shoots are drooping, the leaves are lanceolate, up to 3-3.5 cm long, pointed at the end. Flowers with a pleasant aroma are collected in umbrellas. Beautiful hoya is best grown as an epiphytic plant in hanging or wicker baskets. Beautiful hoya is more thermophilic than fleshy hoya; in winter it is kept at a temperature of about 16 ° C. In good light, it can bloom all year round. Very sensitive to waterlogging. Synonym - Hoya beautiful Hoya bella
Hoya - blooming liana - a story about the types of Hoya and the peculiarities of care from personal experience (by Devi).
Hoya growing questions - in the section Frequently asked questions about plants.
Hoya - care
Temperature: in summer, the usual 22-30 ° С, in winter, it is optimal about 17-18 ° С, at least 8 ° С. Some species and varieties are more demanding for cool content in winter, some grow well and bloom at normal room temperature.
Lighting: bright, diffused light with some direct sunlight. Both the west and east windows will do. On the south window in summer, you will need shading during the hottest hours of the day from 12 to 15 hours. The best shading in the rooms is a light veil, on the balcony - the crown of nearby trees. In winter, shading is not required, you can even place it on the south window. Hoya fleshy is more demanding on light to stimulate flowering. For example, lanceolate hoya can bloom on the north or northwest window (inflorescences are formed on young shoots), and fleshy hoya will bloom only on lighter windows (east, west window or next to the south windows).
Watering: Moderate from spring to fall, the soil should dry out before watering again in the upper half of the pot. In winter, watering is limited (depending on the room temperature). Water for irrigation should be soft and settled. Hoyi tolerate soil drying much easier than excessive watering. Its roots rot very quickly in dampness.
Top dressing: from March to August, every two to three weeks with liquid fertilizer for flowering indoor plants. For meaty hoya, take half the dose recommended by the manufacturer. Hoya lanceolate is fed according to the instructions.
Air humidity: Hoyi do not need to be sprayed, they tolerate dry apartment air well. But fleshy hoya quickly loses its decorative appearance from dust settling on its large leaves, so once a week it can be rinsed under the shower with warm water. In this case, the soil in the pot must be covered with cling film to prevent waterlogging.
Transfer: in two years, in the spring. The soil for hoya is fleshy - 2 parts of sod, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. The soil for hoya is excellent - 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of chopped fern roots (or pine bark), 1 part of universal soil, with the addition of charcoal and sand. Good drainage is imperative.
Reproduction: stem cuttings that root easily in water (water needs to be changed every other day). Cuttings are taken from the growth of shoots last year. Several cuttings are planted in one pot to get a more lush bush.
Features: fleshy hoya is resistant to ticks even in dry and hot air, lanceolate hoya (excellent) is less resistant to ticks, but it is easily "cured" under a hot shower. Of the pests, the hoyam is most often threatened by mealybugs and scale insects. They cause quite serious damage, there is a massive drying out of leaves and flowers. It is necessary to treat with systemic drugs, watering at the root (aktara, confidor) and spraying with contact drugs (actellik, fufanon).
Hoya Frequently Asked Questions