Bocarnea Beaucarnea - Description, Features Of Care, Problems Of Growing

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Bocarnea Beaucarnea - Description, Features Of Care, Problems Of Growing
Bocarnea Beaucarnea - Description, Features Of Care, Problems Of Growing
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Bocarnea
Bocarnea

Family of asparagus (asparagus). Homeland South America (Mexico, Guatemala). There are 4 species in the genus. Until 2009, the taxonomy of the families of agave, butcher and nolina was different, and both nolins and bokarnei belonged to the same genus Nolina Nolina. Since 2009, these are two different genera, belonging to the same family, but to different subfamilies (Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society Volume 161, Issue 2, pages 132-136, October 2009). The plant that we could previously buy under the name of nolina is actually Beaucarnea recurvata and nothing else. And this species is most often grown at home.

Bokarnea folded back Beaucarnea recurvata is a perennial evergreen xerophytic plant with a thick trunk, expanding and thickening even more towards the base. In nature, they reach an average height of 5-6 m with a trunk thickness of 30-40 cm in diameter. The stem at first, in a young plant, is short and spherical, like a bulb, and then stretches out, and becomes like a pot-bellied bottle. At the top of the stem, thin, tender, green leaves are collected in rosettes, resembling a palm tree.

Bocarnea - care and cultivation

Bocarnea is a great plant for home, grows slowly, does not need constant pinching, pruning or other grooming methods, but cats love to nibble it. Although the plant is not poisonous, poisoning with a striped friend will not happen, the plant will be irreparably damaged, so place it so that the cat cannot reach the leaves.

Temperature: Cool conditions are optimal, in summer it does not exceed 22-24 ° C, temperature is above 26 ° C with good ventilation. In winter, the dormant period is at a temperature of about 10-12 ° C, but not below + 7 ° C. If there is enough light, then bokarneya lives normally in the winter in a warm room.

Bocarnea
Bocarnea

Lighting: Bocarnea prefers full sunlight, in the hottest hours in summer - light shading (houseplants are less adapted to the bright sun, unlike their natural counterparts).

Watering: Moderate in spring and summer, limited watering in winter when kept cool, but the frequency of watering directly depends on the specific temperature. Consider that the bokarney is drought-resistant and does not tolerate overflow. That is, after watering, you need to wait until the top layer of the earth dries out and wait a few more days before watering again.

Fertilization: From April to August, every 2 weeks, the bokarney is fed with liquid fertilizer for indoor plants in a dosage half the recommended dosage or fertilizer for cacti and succulents.

Air humidity: Bocarnea responds well to spraying, which can be done once a week.

Transplant: Bocarnei at a young age (up to three years) are transplanted annually, adults after 2 years. The roots of the plant are rather fragile, so you need to try not to damage them during transplantation. After the transplant, the bokarney is not watered for two days. Soil - 1 part sod land, 1 part leaf and 1 part sand. Good drainage is a must if a plastic pot is used; instead of drainage, very large drainage holes can be drilled. In a clay pot, drainage is not required.

Reproduction: Mainly by seeds. There is nothing difficult in growing bokarnea from seeds, but it is very important to sterilize the soil, pickle the seeds in potassium permanganate. When sowing, sprinkle with soil (universal Terra Vita and sand in equal parts) by 2-3 mm. Keep the bowl in a moderately damp state with mandatory ventilation and warm (25-28 ° C). Seeds germinate within 3-4 weeks. As soon as shoots appear, you need to provide enough light. You can dive when the first real leaves unfold. The pots are small - about 7-8 cm in diameter. The bokarnea does not grow quickly, the trunk thickens slowly.

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