Brovallia Browallia - Description, Care, Flowering, Reproduction

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Brovallia Browallia - Description, Care, Flowering, Reproduction
Brovallia Browallia - Description, Care, Flowering, Reproduction
Video: Brovallia Browallia - Description, Care, Flowering, Reproduction
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Brovallia is beautiful
Brovallia is beautiful

The nightshade family. Homeland tropical regions of South America. Only 10-11 species are known. These are mainly herbaceous perennials or low shrubs

The most common type is the beautiful Browallia speciosa or sapphire flower. Plants of this species form a branched bush up to 35 cm tall, and blooming, depending on the variety, with blue, lilac, blue or white bell-shaped five-petalled flowers, up to 5 cm in diameter. Brovallia leaves ovoid, light green on thin stems, about 3 cm long, with slight pubescence.

Brovallia - care and cultivation

Brovallia is beautiful - it is a perennial plant, but it is often grown as an annual, as it quickly loses its decorative effect. Therefore, it is advisable to grow it annually from seeds - it grows very quickly, begins to bloom early, and under favorable conditions, the flowering is quite abundant. Treat as for petunias, planting in hanging pots or flowerpots. Brovallia is perfect for creating a flowering balcony. With the end of flowering, the plant is usually thrown away.

However, if it is possible to place brovallia in a cool winter (not higher than 15 ° C), then it will perfectly survive the winter with modest care: rare watering, loosening the soil after moistening and removing dried leaves. If the shoots become very bare during the winter, in February you can cut off all the tops of the shoots at the brovallia, root them in water and plant everything again in one pot.

Temperature: Preferably moderate or cool, preferably no higher than 25 ° C. On hot days, the leaves quickly turn yellow and dry out, few buds and flowers are formed, the plant stretches. Therefore, brovallia is better suited for east or northwest balconies. On the street, brovallia can be grown in the 9-10 climatic zone of winter hardiness under the openwork shading of trees or shrubs.

Lighting: Bright, diffused light with little direct sunlight. West and east windows will do. South facing windows will need shading during the hottest hours of the day. The best shading in the rooms is a tulle curtain, on the balcony - the crown of nearby trees.

Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn: the soil should always be slightly moist inside the pot and have time to dry out in the upper part of the soil. Does not tolerate complete dryness.

Humidity: Spray periodically on dry hot days.

Transfer: Every year in spring the plant is planted again, even if you do not grow brovallia from seeds, you will inevitably have to rejuvenate the plant by pruning and re-rooting of the apical shoots. Young rooted cuttings are planted in soil composed of 1 part of sod, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. Store soil for annuals (such as petunias) or seedling soil can be used. Brovallia prefers slightly acidic soils.

Top dressing: After planting or transplanting, no top dressing is required for months, then you can start feeding with potash fertilizers or special fertilizers for flowering plants (for example, Fertika Lux).

Reproduction: Seeds in early spring. To do this, prepare a bowl with loose peaty moist soil, sow the seeds rarely, and then place the crops in a plastic bag, and periodically ventilate. Seeds usually germinate in 10 days. Regular airing is necessary so that the seedlings do not suffocate. After they grow up, dive them into small pots (about 5-7 cm in diameter). And only when the weather is warm outside, you can transplant the plants into containers or pots on the balcony.

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