Bilbergia Billbergia - Species, Care And Cultivation At Home, Reproduction

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Bilbergia Billbergia - Species, Care And Cultivation At Home, Reproduction
Bilbergia Billbergia - Species, Care And Cultivation At Home, Reproduction
Video: Bilbergia Billbergia - Species, Care And Cultivation At Home, Reproduction
Video: Billbergia 2023, February
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bilbergia drooping
bilbergia drooping

Bilbergia drooping

The bromeliad family. Homeland of Bilbergia Central and South America, Antilles. There are about 55 species in nature. The species that have become widespread as indoor plants are quite unpretentious in nature.

  • Bilbergia pyramidal Billbergia pyramidalis is a terrestrial plant with few leaves forming an elongated funnel-shaped rosette. Leaves are broadly linear, pointed at the end, about 60-80 cm long and 5-6 cm wide, bright green in color, the inflower leaves are dark red with a jagged edge. Blooms from mid-spring to mid-summer.
  • Bilbergia drooping Billbergia nutans is an epiphytic plant that forms an elongated rosette of numerous narrow leaves. Leaves are linear, thinned at the end, up to 60-70 cm long and about 1-2 cm wide, with thorns along the edge. The leaves are green, with more intense lighting they acquire a reddish or bronze tint. Thin long drooping peduncle, with inflorescence pink leaves. Blooms in winter.
  • Bilbergia magnificent Billbergia magnifica is an epiphytic plant with an elongated rare rosette of several leaves, linear in shape, pointed at the end, dense and hard, with sharp thorns along the edge, up to 70 cm long and 6-8 cm wide, gray-green in color with light transverse stripes on the outside of the sheet. The flowers are collected in a loose drooping inflorescence with bright pink bracts and inflorescence leaves. Blooms in summer.
  • Bilbergia green Billbergia viridiflora is an epiphytic or epilithic plant that forms a denser rosette than the previous species. Leaves are linear, pointed at the end, serrate along the edge, up to 60-70 cm long and 5-6 cm wide, bright green in color, the inflower leaves are bright pink, erect. It blooms in early spring and late summer.
bilbergia pyramidal
bilbergia pyramidal

Bilbergia pyramidal

Bilbergia: home care

Temperature

Bilbergia prefers moderate temperatures, in summer it is optimal 22-25 ° С. Poorly tolerates dryness and heat above 28 ° C. In winter it is cooler, about 18-20 ° С, minimum + 13 ° С. Do not place bromeliads in a draft, such as near an air conditioner.

Lighting

In bright, diffused light, bilbergia needs some direct sun in the morning or evening. Grows well on east and north windows. It may be too dark on the north window sill, on the south window it is necessary to shade from 11 to 15 o'clock in the form of a light tulle.

Watering

Not all bilbergia have a well-defined rosette of leaves, so they can be watered directly into the soil, like ordinary houseplants - in spring and summer it is quite abundant, after the top layer of the earth dries up. In winter, water is limited or moderate, depending on the temperature, after the soil is almost completely dry in the pot.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing is carried out in spring and summer. For top dressing, special fertilizers are used for bromeliads. You can use half dose fertilizer for other flowering houseplants, or orchid fertilizer (at the recommended dose). Top dressing is carried out after 2 weeks.

Air humidity

Bilbergia needs to be periodically sprayed, the optimum air humidity is 60%. Protect the plant from the dry hot air of the batteries in winter.

Transfer

Annually after flowering into soil consisting of 1 part of light garden soil, 2 parts of peat or leaf, 1 part of humus, 1 part of vermiculite, sand or pine bark. You can use commercially available bromeliad potting mix. The planting container should not be too deep, it is better to use wide bowls. High drainage should be poured into the bottom of the pot. As a baking powder, you can use coconut fiber or coconut flakes, as well as a wine cork broken into small pieces (up to 3-5 mm).

Reproduction of bilbergia

Seeds and side shoots (root suckers), when they are already sufficiently formed, i.e. have a length of about 13-15 cm. Just break the baby from the base of the mother plant, sprinkle the place of breaking with crushed coal. The root offspring is best rooted in wet moss in a room greenhouse - it can be made from a cake box, a wide plastic bottle. The moss should be kept moderately wet by spraying - it should not be too moist. When the roots appear (within a month), plant them in the prepared soil right with a lump of moss. The resulting young plants bloom, as a rule, only after 2 years.

For propagation of bilbergia by seeds, so that they do not rot, they need to be soaked for 2 hours in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then sow in a mixture of sphagnum moss and light peat soil in equal parts. You can use store-bought soil, add moss and a handful of vermiculite to it. Before planting, be sure to sterilize the soil in the microwave or oven.

Spray the sown seeds from a spray bottle, you do not need to drop it in with earth, they will themselves sink between the grains of soil. Just cover the bowl with foil or glass. The optimum temperature for germination is about 22 ° C. Spray crops periodically and ventilate regularly. As soon as the leaves appear, you need to gradually remove the glass or film so that the seedlings get used to the room air. When 2-3 true leaves are formed from seeds of bilbergia, it can be planted in small pots.

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