Table of contents:
The bromeliad family. Homeland Central and South America, Antilles. There are about 250 species in nature.
Vriesea splendens or brilliant Vriesea splendens is an epiphytic or terrestrial plant with a wide funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, broad-linear in shape. Leaves with a curved edge, pointed at the end, 50-70cm long, dark green in color, with transverse dark stripes. Spike-shaped inflorescence on a long peduncle about 40-50 cm long. The bracts on the peduncle are close to each other, yellow, red on top. Blossoming in May - July
- Vriesea carinata Vriesea carinata is an epiphytic or terrestrial plant, much smaller than the previous species. Wide, funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, broadly linear, about 15-30 cm long. Leaves are light green, without stripes. Spike-shaped inflorescence on a thin straight or drooping peduncle. The inflorescence is wide, about 5 cm long. Bracts not tightly adjacent to each other, red, green at the ends. Blooms in November - December.
- Vriesea Sanders Vriesea saundersii is a terrestrial plant with a wide funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, broad-linear in shape. The leaves are curved downward, pointed and bent at the end, about 30 cm long, gray, with purple spots and blotches on the back. Paniculate inflorescence on a long erect peduncle about 50-60 cm long. Sepals are shorter than bracts, greenish-yellowish in color. Bloom in October - November.
Vriezia with gray leaves are more unpretentious - they tolerate changes in temperature and humidity more easily than species with green leaves. At the same time, they require a lighter location.
Temperature: Vriezia is thermophilic, prefers about 22-24 ° C in summer, about 18-20 ° C in winter, minimum 16 ° C. He does not like cold drafts, a sharp drop in temperature after watering is especially dangerous. In cold damp conditions, the roots of bromeliads quickly rot.
Lighting: Bright diffused light, possible with some direct sun in the morning or evening. It grows well on east and north windows, as well as with additional artificial lighting. If you have south-facing windows, place the vriezia on a table or stand right next to the window; a tulle curtain will be enough to protect the plant from direct sun.
Watering: In the spring and summer, watered quite abundantly - the earthen lump should always be slightly damp (but not too damp). Pour into an outlet, but water quickly seeps into the ground. It is better to water more often, but little by little. In winter, watering is more moderate, with a cool content, water the vriezia only when the top layer of the earth is thoroughly dry. At air temperatures below 18-20 ° C, water is not poured into the outlet, only the soil needs to be moistened, otherwise fungal infections may develop on the leaves. Water for irrigation is always used only warm, settled.
Fertilizers: Fertilizing is carried out in spring and summer. For top dressing, special fertilizers for bromeliads are used, fertilizers for orchids are also suitable (in the recommended dose). You can use half the fertilizer for other flowering houseplants. Top dressing is carried out in 2-3 weeks.
Air humidity: Periodically sprayed, optimum humidity 60%. If the plant stands in a room with heating in winter, then spraying does not soften the dry air at all, you need to place the pot on a wide pan with water, or put a humidifier next to it.
Transfer: As needed, into soil consisting of 3 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of pine bark (can be replaced with finely chopped wine cork), 1 part of sphagnum moss or shredded fern rhizomes (can be replaced with coconut fiber) and 1 part of sand. You can use commercially available bromeliad potting mix. The planting container should not be too deep, it is better to use low wide bowls.
Reproduction: Daughter rosettes that grow back after the mother plant has faded. By the time the children grow up enough, they are transplanted into separate pots, 8-10 cm in diameter, into the substrate as for adult plants. Subsequently, it may be necessary to transfer to a larger pot if the plant grows up strongly and is unstable in a small pot.
From the personal experience of the forum participants:
Severina: Vriezia babies grow in the middle of the mother's outlet, so no seating is possible there. Vriezia is unpretentious, mine has been living for the third year in what she was presented with. I didn’t change the soil or the pot. The root of it serves to attach to the substrate, and not to absorb nutrients, so it is very compact and a large pot is not needed. She will react positively to artificial lighting, she does not need much, but to "cold feet" - no, it's better in a warm place. I pour water into the outlet when it blooms, and when it doesn’t bloom, just in winter, when it dries up, I do not add as much as in summer. You can wash it, sprinkle it with warm water all the more.