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Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa. In culture, the beautiful Vallota speciosa is widespread. A beautiful perennial bulbous plant with flowers collected in an umbrella with flowers on a long peduncle. Leaves are dark green, reddish at the base, linear in shape up to 65 cm long and 3.5 cm wide, in comparison with amaryllis they are narrower and thinner. Another difference between the vallota is that if you remove dry scales on the bulb, then the color of the bulb closer to the crown is pink. Usually forms many children. Vallotta blooms in summer and autumn. There are varieties with bright red, pink, salmon flowers.
Vallota - home care
Temperature: Vallota is more of a greenhouse plant - it requires a cool content of about 10-12 ° C in winter, at least +7 ° C, so it is advisable to keep it at home in the winter on an insulated balcony or fencing off the warm air of the room with a greenhouse film along the border of the window sill. At the same time, the dormant period for the vallot begins after the end of flowering and lasts about 2 months.
Lighting: Bright lighting, including direct sunlight in the morning or evening - shading is only needed during the noon hours in summer if the pot is on a south or southwest window. Although for the wallot, the east window is preferable.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, the earthen lump should not dry out completely into dust, or stick together into a monolith, but by the next watering it should have time to dry out in the upper third of the pot. In winter, the bulbs are watered very sparingly, depending on the temperature, it can be every 10-14 days, if about 20 ° C, once a month, if about 15 ° C, or even less often.
Fertilizer: From March to October - until the end of flowering, fertilizing is carried out after 2 weeks with special liquid fertilizers for flowering indoor plants, in doses recommended in the instructions. There are special fertilizers for bulbous or amaryllis. The following fertilizers are suitable for her: "Biomaster for bulbous flowers", "Agricola for flowering", "Good power for bulbous" and others.
Air humidity: From time to time, the leaves of the vallot are wiped with a sponge. In the summer, when the temperature is above 23-24 ° C, they are regularly sprayed so that water does not fall on the flowers.
Transfer: Once every 2-3 years, in the spring. Vallota blooms only when the pot is not too big for her or even cramped. Nutrient soil is required: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leafy or peat land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of coarse sand or vermiculite. The bulbs are planted in shallow but wide pots, always with a good drainage layer. If necessary, the top layer of the earth can be replaced with a vallot if a white or reddish salt coating appears on it.
Reproduction: Daughter bulbs. During transplantation, the children are carefully separated and seated one by one on a small pot about 9-10 cm in diameter. The bulbs are deepened only halfway. After planting, the first time is rarely watered. Separated babies bloom only for 2-3 years.
Vallota close up