Table of contents:
The Gesnerian family. Homeland - tropical regions of America.
Attention: all Hypocyrtes known in floriculture today are attributed to other genera of Gesneriaceae: Neomortonia Neomortonia and Nematanthus Nematanthus. There is only one species left in the genus Hypocyrta: Hypocyrta fritschii - it is not grown at home!
- Brush nematanthus Nematanthus strigillosus is a glabrous Hypocyrta Hypocyrta glabra is an epiphytic semi-ample plant with sparsely branching shoots. Leaves are evergreen, opposite, on short petioles, elliptical, fleshy, green with glossy sheen, without pubescence, about 3-4 cm long. The flowers are axillary, one at a time, rarely up to three together. Corolla with fused petals of bright orange color, swollen at the bottom. Sepals are short, dark orange.
- Neomortonia monetary Neomortonia nummularia is a Hypocyrta monetary Hypocyrta nummularia is an epiphytic ampelous plant with little branching shoots. Leaves are opposite, on short petioles, rounded, crenate at the edge, fleshy, light green, about 2 cm long. The stems and leaves are covered with fine dense hairs. The flowers are bright red with a yellow corolla limb. After flowering, the plant sheds its leaves, so watering is very careful. This species is very rare - only in the collections of Gesnerian lovers.
As you understand, the care of hypocyrtes is described here, not real (naked or coin), but for nemantus and neomortonia, so as not to mislead the reader, since many people know these plants by their old names, we will call them hypocysts for now. Moreover, most Gesneriaceae have almost the same care requirements.
Temperature: usual in summer, around 20-25 ° C. In winter, a little coolness is desirable, about 12-14 ° C - for naked hypocyrt, 20 ° C - for coin hypocyrt. Hypocyrta is good because it can grow well all year round in normal home conditions. The only thing you need to pay attention to is that in winter she has enough light, and the leaves are not damaged by the hot air from the batteries.
Lighting: hypocyrta likes bright diffused light, shaded from direct sunlight in spring and summer (from lunch to 16 hours). In winter, the lighting should be very good, no shading is needed, additional lighting is possible.
Watering: in summer, abundantly after the topsoil dries out (provided that the pot is small). With a cold snap, watering is reduced, and in winter, when the content is cool, it is watered occasionally, not allowing only the complete drying of the earthen coma. If the hypocyrta hibernates in a warm room, then watering is the same as in summer.
Top dressing: regularly from April to August with complex fertilizer for flowering indoor plants at a dosage half the recommended dosage. Top dressing is carried out weekly with watering.
Air humidity: in summer, hypocyrt needs very humid air, so the air is humidified by frequent spraying.
Transfer: annually in spring, in fresh soil. The pot should not be too large, slightly larger than the root system. The soil is very light and porous: 3 parts of leafy soil (universal peat soil can be used), 1 part of coarse river sand with a particle size of 3-5 mm (can be replaced with vermiculite). Chopped pine bark and pieces of charcoal are also added to the soil at the rate of 2 tbsp per 1 liter of finished soil. tablespoons of bark and 1 teaspoon of coal. You can plant a hypocyrt in store soil for Saintpaulias.