Ginura Gynura - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction

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Ginura Gynura - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
Ginura Gynura - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
Video: Ginura Gynura - Home Care: Watering, Feeding, Reproduction
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ginura orange
ginura orange

Family of Compositae. Homeland of the tropics of Africa, about. Madagascar, East and South Asia. In nature, there are about 100 species.

Types of ginura

As a houseplant, the species Ginura orange Gynura aurantiaca has become widespread - it is a perennial herb with an erect, well-branching stem, reaches a height of 50-90 cm.The leaves are alternately located, ovoid, narrowed at the end, with a jagged edge, up to 15 cm long … The stem and leaves are covered with fine purple hairs, and the whole plant looks purple in bright light. The flowers are small, collected in inflorescences of orange baskets, a little prettier than those of burdock. Very rarely, collectors have a variegated form - with a white longitudinal stripe (almost half of the leaf)

Sometimes in the literature there is the name Ginura wicker Gynura sarmentosa, but in fact, the photos are not at all tattered, but the same Ginura orange. Ginura braided is not in scientific catalogs, it is an outdated synonym for the species Gynura procumbens Gynura prostrate. In culture, it is practically not grown - it has pure green leaves and no decorative value (see theplantlist.org).

There is also a mention of Gynura rising Gynura scandens. There is such a species, but it is also not grown as a houseplant, it is rather a weed.

Thus, for home cultivation, you can find the only species on sale - Ginuru orange

Ginura - care and cultivation

Temperature: normal in summer, but preferably not higher than 22 ° C, ginura does not tolerate heat and dryness (it stops growing, leaves dry). In winter, ginurs feel great at temperatures between 18-20 ° C, at least 15 ° C. Ginura grows well at normal room temperature, but if it is too dry and hot in winter, the bases of the stems are very bare. In this case, in the spring, you need to radically cut it off, root the cuttings and plant several pieces together in a new soil.

Lighting: Ginurs are very light-requiring, they need full-fledged sunlight, with shade only during the hottest hours of the day in summer. It is best to place it in a room with a south or west window (tulle will serve as a shade from the scorching sun) or on the windowsill of an east or northwest window. Ginura can grow in partial shade, but it loses its violet color and gradually stretches out.

Watering: In summer, plants are watered abundantly, after the top layer of the earth has dried. In winter, watering is moderate, especially when kept in a cool room, the soil should dry out completely.

Humidity: Ginurs love moist air, but do not need to be sprayed. They tolerate the dryness of the heating season in winter worse, especially with a lack of lighting.

Top dressing: every year from May to September, every three to four weeks, they are fed with liquid complex fertilizer for indoor plants.

Transplant: Ginur is transplanted annually. Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part leaf, 1 part humus and 1/2 part coarse river sand. You can use store-bought universal soil, to which add a handful of pine bark. At the bottom of the pot, drainage must be done. Pots are preferably wide rather than deep.

Reproduction: Ginura reproduces well by semi-lignified cuttings throughout the year. Cuttings are cut about 10 cm long, rooted in water. Change the water every other day for fresh. Roots usually appear within two weeks.

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